CORDIS - Forschungsergebnisse der EU
CORDIS

Field Control of Cold Molecular Collisions

Projektbeschreibung

Ein Quanten-Billardspiel mit elektrischen und magnetischen Feldern als Queues

Wärme „regt Moleküle an“, sodass sie sich immer wilder umherbewegen und häufiger zusammenstoßen. Umgekehrt werden sie träge, wenn man sie abkühlt. Beim absoluten Nullpunkt bewegen sie sich theoretisch gar nicht mehr. Je näher wir uns diesem Zustand nähren, desto außergewöhnlichere Verhaltensweisen beobachten wir. Das EU-finanzierte Projekt FICOMOL wird sich auf molekulare Kollisionen zwischen ultrakalten Atomen und Molekülen konzentrieren. Das ehrgeizige Ziel besteht darin, nicht mehr nur zu beobachten, sondern die Interaktionen zwischen den Molekülen durch die Anwendung elektrischer oder magnetischer Felder zu steuern.

Ziel

It is a long held dream of chemical physicists to study (and to control!) the interactions between individual molecules in completely specified collisions. This project brings this goal within reach. I will develop novel methods to study collisions between individual molecules at temperatures between 10 mK and 10 K, and to manipulate their interaction using electric and magnetic fields. Under these cold conditions, the collisions are dominated by quantum effects such as interference and tunneling. Scattering resonances occur that respond sensitively to external electric or magnetic fields, yielding the thrilling perspective to provide “control knobs” to steer the outcome of a collision. Building on my unique experience with state-of-the-art molecular beam deceleration methods, I will study scattering resonances for chemically relevant systems involving molecules such as OH, NO, NH3 and H2CO in crossed beam experiments. Using external electric or magnetic fields, we will tune the positions and widths of resonances, such that collision rates can be changed by orders of magnitude. This type of “collision engineering” will be used to induce and study hitherto unexplored quantum phenomena, such as the merging of individual resonances, and resonant energy transfer in bimolecular collisions. Measurements of exotic collision phenomena under yet unexplored conditions as proposed here provide excellent tests for quantum theories of molecular interactions, and pave the way towards the engineering of novel quantum structures, or the collective properties of interacting molecular systems. The proposed research program will transform this field from merely “probing nature” with the highest possible detail to “manipulating nature” with the highest possible level of control. It will open up a new and intellectually rich research field in chemical physics and physical chemistry, and will be a major breakthrough in the emerging research field of cold molecules.

Gastgebende Einrichtung

STICHTING RADBOUD UNIVERSITEIT
Netto-EU-Beitrag
€ 2 000 000,00
Adresse
HOUTLAAN 4
6525 XZ Nijmegen
Niederlande

Auf der Karte ansehen

Region
Oost-Nederland Gelderland Arnhem/Nijmegen
Aktivitätstyp
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Links
Gesamtkosten
€ 2 000 000,00

Begünstigte (1)