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BACterial conversion of CO2 and renewable H2 inTO bioFUELs

Project description

Finding new sustainable alternatives to fossil fuels for the transport industry

Biofuels will be key to replacing liquid fossil fuels. They help to reduce reliance on oil imports and the instability of oil prices, and also generate new sources of income. The EU-funded Bac-To-Fuel project will develop and demonstrate advanced renewable fuel production by means of a prototype system. The technology will mimic plant photosynthesis using photocatalysts that renewably produce hydrogen from photocatalytic splitting of water involving sunlight. In addition, it will convert CO2 and the renewable hydrogen into biofuels such as ethanol and butanol using an electro-biocatalytic cell. In a sustainable and cost-effective manner, the innovation will transform CO2 and hydrogen into useful products for the European transportation sector.

Objective

To reduce dependency on fossil fuels and to contribute to growing efforts to decarbonise the transport sector, biofuels provide a way to shift to low-carbon, non-petroleum fuels, with minimal changes to vehicle stock and distribution infrastructure. Whilst improving vehicle efficiency is a key cost-effective way of reducing CO2 emissions in the transport sector, biofuels will play a significant role in replacing liquid fossil fuels (particularly for those modes of transport which cannot be electrified).
Production and use of biofuels can provide benefits such as increased energy security, reducing dependency on oil imports and reducing oil price volatility. Biofuels can also support economic development through creating new sources of income.
BAC-TO-FUEL will respond to the global challenge of finding new sustainable alternatives to fossil fuels by developing, integrating and validating a disruptive prototype system at TRL5 which is able to transform CO2/H2 into added-value products in a sustainable and cost-effective way which:
1) mimics the photosynthetic process of plants using novel inorganic photocatalysts which are capable of producing hydrogen in a renewable way from photocatalytic splitting of water in the presence of sunlight
2) uses enhanced bacterial media to convert CO2 and the renewable hydrogen into biofuels (i.e. ethanol and butanol both important fuels for transport) using a novel electro-biocatalytic cell which can handle fluctuations in hydrogen and power supply lending itself to coupling to renewable energy technologies
BAC-TO-FUEL is a multidisciplinary project which brings together leaders in the fields of materials chemistry, computational chemistry, chemical engineering, microbiology and bacterial engineering. BAC-TO-FUEL will validate a prototype system at TRL5 which is able to transform CO2/H2 into added-value products in a sustainable and cost-effective way specifically for the European transport sector.

Call for proposal

H2020-LC-SC3-2018-2019-2020

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Sub call

H2020-LC-SC3-2018-Joint-Actions-3

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Coordinator

UNIVERSIDAD DE SANTIAGO DE COMPOSTELA
Net EU contribution
€ 544 912,00
Address
Colexio de san xerome praza do obradoiro s/n
15782 Santiago de compostela
Spain

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Region
Noroeste Galicia A Coruña
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Links
Other funding
€ 0,50

Participants (5)