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CORDIS

Electrodynamic Tether Technology for Passive Consumable-less Deorbit Kit

Project description

A propellant-less device for deorbiting satellites and mitigating the space debris problem

Current in-space propulsion technologies work under the law of action-reaction. Consequently, the propellant determines the satellite payload mass and mission lifetime. The EU-funded E.T.PACK envisages a new era in which satellites could deorbit without using on-board power and fuel. The project will develop a propellant-free device based on a low work-function tether that operates under different principles. Instead of carrying propellant, it produces a drag force by taking advantage of the natural space environment, which includes the geomagnetic field, the ambient plasma and the solar radiation. The device can prevent proliferation of space debris, one of the most important challenges the aerospace industry.

Objective

The Low Work-function Tether (LWT) is a long conductive tape coated with a material that enhances thermionic and photoelectric electron emissions. It enables spacecraft to de-orbit and/or re-boost without the need for consumables. It interacts passively with its environment (ambient plasma, magnetic field and solar radiation) to exchange momentum with the planet’s magnetosphere. E.T.PACK aims at developing a proof of concept for LWTs by breaking through and combining the current frontier of knowledge in three fields: plasma physics, low work function material science and space tethers. These will be integrated into a deorbit kit and a flight simulator for mission analysis. The kit aims to reach Technology Readiness Level 4 and will have two modes of operation: as a fully passive LWT and as a conventional electrodynamic tether equipped with an active hollow-cathode (backup mode). A new coating process for the electride, C12A7 ([Ca24Al28O64]4+(4e-)), will be developed, and used to manufacture a LWT demonstrator. The C12A7 and its extraordinary properties will be also applied to the hollow cathode of the kit, which will include a novel deployment mechanism specifically designed for LWT applications. The complex current exchange of LWTs with the ambient plasma under space-charge-conditions will be studied theoretically, and used to develop accurate simulators. The theory-experiment comparisons will lead to a solid framework for LWT operation and constraints, including thermal, mechanical, optical, electrical, ATOX and UV resistance, and survivability. Hitherto impossible mission scenarios will be explored, thus opening up new horizons in space science and technology. These interdisciplinary activities, placed at the cutting edge of their fields and highly interdependent, make E.T.PACK a high-risk project. This is fully compensated by its potential impact: Europe being the first with access to a reversible in-space propulsion technology free of consumables.

Call for proposal

H2020-FETOPEN-2018-2020

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Sub call

H2020-FETOPEN-2018-2019-2020-01

Coordinator

UNIVERSIDAD CARLOS III DE MADRID
Net EU contribution
€ 468 587,50
Address
CALLE MADRID 126
28903 Getafe (Madrid)
Spain

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Region
Comunidad de Madrid Comunidad de Madrid Madrid
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
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Total cost
€ 468 587,50

Participants (6)