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CORDIS

Reconstructing the emergence of the Milky Way’s stellar population with Gaia, SDSS-V and JWST

Projektbeschreibung

Rekonstruktion des Ursprungs und der Evolution der Milchstraße

Das Universum besteht aus Billionen Galaxien. Die Beobachtung anderer Galaxien liefert wichtige Erkenntnisse zum Ursprung und der Evolution des Universums, doch unsere Milchstraße ist als einzige nah genug, um umfangreiche Datensätze aus Beobachtungsexperimenten zu erhalten. Drei kürzlich begonnene Beobachtungen werden unvergleichbare technologische Präzision und Genauigkeit bieten. Das EU-finanzierte Projekt EMERGE plant, diesen Datenreichtum über die Sterne und kompakte stellare Überreste unserer Galaxie hervorragend auszunutzen, um ein Modell der chemischen Evolution unserer Galaxie zu erstellen. Die auf Beobachtungsdaten beruhende Rekonstruktion der Geschichte der Sternenformation und der chemischen Evolution der Galaxie wird ihre Vorläufer und deren Verhalten im Laufe der Zeit offenbaren.

Ziel

Understanding how the Milky Way arrived at its present state requires a large volume of precision measurements of our Galaxy’s current makeup, as well as an empirically based understanding of the main processes involved in the Galaxy’s evolution. Such data are now about to arrive in the flood of quality information from Gaia and SDSS-V. The demography of the stars and of the compact stellar remnants in our Galaxy, in terms of phase-space location, mass, age, metallicity, and multiplicity are data products that will come directly from these surveys. I propose to integrate this information into a comprehensive picture of the Milky Way’s present state. In parallel, I will build a Galactic chemical evolution model, with input parameters that are as empirically based as possible, that will reproduce and explain the observations. To get those input parameters, I will measure the rates of supernovae (SNe) in nearby galaxies (using data from past and ongoing surveys) and in high-redshift proto-clusters (by conducting a SN search with JWST), to bring into sharp focus the element yields of SNe and the distribution of delay times (the DTD) between star formation and SN explosion. These empirically determined SN metal-production parameters will be used to find the observationally based reconstruction of the Galaxy’s stellar formation history and chemical evolution that reproduces the observed present-day Milky Way stellar population. The population census of stellar multiplicity with Gaia+SDSS-V, and particularly of short-orbit compact-object binaries, will hark back to the rates and the element yields of the various types of SNe, revealing the connections between various progenitor systems, their explosions, and their rates. The plan, while ambitious, is feasible, thanks to the data from these truly game-changing observational projects. My team will perform all steps of the analysis and will combine the results to obtain the clearest picture of how our Galaxy came to be.

Finanzierungsplan

ERC-ADG - Advanced Grant

Gastgebende Einrichtung

TEL AVIV UNIVERSITY
Netto-EU-Beitrag
€ 1 859 375,00
Adresse
RAMAT AVIV
69978 Tel Aviv
Israel

Auf der Karte ansehen

Aktivitätstyp
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Links
Gesamtkosten
€ 1 859 375,00

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