CORDIS - EU research results
CORDIS

Targeting MarA to Inhibit Efflux

Project description

Removing bacteria's ability to evict antibiotics could be their death knell

Much as we are searching for ways to rid our bodies of harmful bacteria, bacteria have developed ways to get rid of 'harmful' antibiotics from theirs. For several decades, scientists have known about efflux pumps and their importance in bacterial antibiotic resistance and in resistance in viruses, fungi, and cancer cells. These membrane-bound transport proteins expel toxic substances, including virtually all classes of clinically relevant antibiotics. Some of them extrude specific substrates but many are multidrug pumps. In some bacteria, pump expression is regulated by global transcription factor MarA. TaMIE plans to design the first-ever inhibitors of MarA using several pathways. Finding the most effective MarA inhibitor could pave the way to powerful therapeutics that combat multidrug resistance.

Objective

Antibiotic resistance is a growing global crisis and current predictions suggest that by 2050 drug resistant bacteria will cause up to 10 million deaths a year globally. Bacteria employ many mechanisms to become resistant to antibiotics. One important mechanism is antibiotic efflux where membrane bound efflux pumps actively pump molecules, including antibiotics, out of bacterial cells. The RND-family AcrAB efflux pump confers multi-drug resistance in many Gram-negative bacteria including Escherichia coli and is commonly over-produced in antibiotic resistant clinical isolates. Regulation of RND efflux pump expression is complex but in E. coli the master regulator is the AraC/XylS family global transcription factor MarA. In spite of its relevant role up to now no inhibitor targeting this protein has been published. In this project we aim to develop efflux inhibitors that prevent transcription of acrAB by inhibiting MarA and to test their efficacy by measuring AcrAB expression and activity. In order to design the inhibitors we will analyse MarA structure and its direct DNA interactions based on available crystal structures. We will design oligonucleotides acting as a transcriptional factor decoy that modulate transcription by sequestering MarA from their endogenous DNA binding sites (RO1). We will also design peptides acting as inhibitors by blocking DNA-MarA interactions (RO1). Nextly we will measure the affinity of the inhibitor-MarA complexes by in vitro biochemical assays (RO2) and in vivo experiments (RO3). In RO4, we will crystallize the most promising inhibitor-MarA complexes in order to improve their efficacy after structure analysis. Successful development of these inhibitors will open an avenue in the fight against antibiotic resistance conferred by increased efflux pump activity. Training in efflux pumps to complement her existing skills in protein structure analysis will position the ER as a future research leader in the antibiotic resistance field.

Coordinator

THE UNIVERSITY OF BIRMINGHAM
Net EU contribution
€ 337 400,64
Address
Edgbaston
B15 2TT Birmingham
United Kingdom

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Region
West Midlands (England) West Midlands Birmingham
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
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Total cost
€ 337 400,64