Neanderthal bone industry investigated
The use of bone materials in making shaped objects is associated with the culture of Homo sapiens. The lack of bone industry by Neanderthals, however, is considered a cognitive gap. Investigation into Palaeolithic sites of the Siberian Altai, including Denisova Cave, revealed a diversified bone industry in occupation layers from other hominids. Was this production a local share tradition of Denisovans and Neanderthals? To answer this question, the EU funded LION project will extend the corpus to Neanderthal sites of Western Europe and create a traceological framework suitable for the functional recognition of unshaped bone tools. The project will contribute to the cognitive faculty of archaic populations.