Tracing the concept of crusade in the Middle Ages
The polysemy of the word ‘crusade’ in medieval texts demonstrates the various realities that gave sense and unity to the growing diversity of crusading activities. Despite its rare appearance as the word itself, ‘crusade’ has created diverse linguistic categories. These indicate how crusading was conceptualised and how diffused and accepted this conceptualisation was. The EU-funded CRUCIATA project will explore the crusading phenomenon in the Middle Ages through a study of the uses and meanings of the word ‘crusade’ in European sources of the late 13th and early 14th century. Using recent pragmatic linguistic theories and investigating the uses of the word in their context, the project proposes a completely new approach to an old debate.