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Molecular, morphological, and functional requirements for gastrointestinal serotonin release

Objective

Communication between the gastro-intestinal (GI) tract, the enteric nervous system (ENS), and the brain plays an important role in regulating our behaviour, and accordingly, impairments in this communication have been implicated in the pathogenesis of multiple disorders including obesity, diabetes, visceral pain, and inflammatory bowel diseases. A better understanding of the molecular and cellular mechanisms of gut-to-brain signalling will be critical for treating these disorders. An important group of cells in this context are enteroendocrine cells (EECs), and most notably enterochromaffin (EC) cells, which function as mechano- and chemoreceptors and signal by secreting serotonin, however the release process is poorly understood. Strikingly, these cells show molecular and morphological features that are highly reminiscent of neuronal synapses in the brain, raising the intriguing hypothesis that they may form synapse-like contacts that lie at the heart of their communication mechanism. To date, however, this hypothesis has been difficult to test due to the low spatial density of EC cells along the GI tract. Using a multidisciplinary approach combining intestinal 3D-organoid cultures, correlative light- and electron microscopy, electrophysiology, and single-cell RNA sequencing, this project aims to address the questions i) which molecular mechanisms mediate hormone secretion from EC cells, ii) what are the functional properties of the release process, and iii) how are local circuits organized to signal information to the ENS and brain. The results from this study will allow me to answer the fundamental question whether EC cells form functional synaptic connections, as well as providing a comprehensive overview over the functional and molecular properties of these ‘synapses’.

Field of science

  • /medical and health sciences/clinical medicine/endocrinology/diabetes
  • /medical and health sciences/clinical medicine/gastroenterology/inflammatory bowel disease

Call for proposal

H2020-MSCA-IF-2018
See other projects for this call

Funding Scheme

MSCA-IF-EF-ST - Standard EF

Coordinator

KOBENHAVNS UNIVERSITET
Address
Norregade 10
1165 Kobenhavn
Denmark
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
EU contribution
€ 207 312