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How does the brain code time?

Descripción del proyecto

Ha llegado el momento de un nuevo modelo de percepción y cognición

El tiempo es oro, como suele decirse, y por extensión también lo es la percepción del tiempo. La percepción del tiempo es un campo de estudio independiente que intenta caracterizar lo que significa exactamente afirmar que percibimos el tiempo o, más concretamente, el paso del tiempo y la manera en que los objetos y los acontecimientos cambian a lo largo del tiempo. Aunque muchos estudios han abordado este enigmático asunto, nuestra comprensión sigue siendo relativamente limitada. El proyecto TIMECODE, financiado con fondos europeos, adopta un enfoque integral según la hipótesis de que la percepción del tiempo incorpora una escala local de modulación y procesamiento a una escala cerebral relacionada con las oscilaciones rítmicas. Al combinar los estudios psicológicos y conductuales en primates no humanos y humanos mediante herramientas informáticas, el equipo planea aportar datos sobre los sustratos neuronales subyacentes y la consiguiente percepción cognitiva del tiempo y de su estructura en el cerebro.

Objetivo

Time underlies each and every activity and perception. And yet our knowledge about time perception remains limited. It is hindered by a division between psychological and behavioral findings on the one hand, and neuroscience findings on the other hand. The former rarely address biological constraints, while the latter rarely informs a unified theory for timing. Theories on time perception have centred on the modular nature of time perception. Is time sensed through the operation of central mechanisms serving all sensory and motor systems? Or is time sensed locally, within different sensory and motor systems? TIMECODE entertains a third possibility for time perception in the brain and overcomes the gap between psychological theories and physiological manifestations of time by assuming a hierarchy of time that entails both a local level of analysis and a domain-general level of analysis. I identify three dimensions that need to be investigated in order to substantiate this possibility. First, local representations of time need to be identified within sensory (and motor) systems. Second, network dynamics that support the propagation of such representations need to be investigated. Brain rhythms play an important role in both local and inter-areal computations. Thus, the role of brain rhythms will be assessed for both levels of analysis. Finally, a brain-wide assessment of selectivity to time needs to be explored. TIMECODE investigates the initial local code for time, global code for time, and the inter-areal dynamics between them by combining human physiology (invasive and non-invasive) with illusions of time perception (in behavior). It investigates brain-wide selectivity to time by applying computational tools to intracranial data from human and non-human primates. Combining behavioral, systems neuroscience, and computational tools is imperative in order to offer a far-reaching theory of timing in the brain and allow a leap forward in understanding cognition.

Régimen de financiación

ERC-STG - Starting Grant

Institución de acogida

THE HEBREW UNIVERSITY OF JERUSALEM
Aportación neta de la UEn
€ 1 499 875,00
Dirección
EDMOND J SAFRA CAMPUS GIVAT RAM
91904 Jerusalem
Israel

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Tipo de actividad
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Enlaces
Coste total
€ 1 499 875,00

Beneficiarios (1)