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CORDIS

Ocean-based Negative Emission Technologies - analyzing the feasibility, risks, and cobenefits of ocean-based negative emission technologies for stabilizing the climate

Project description

Ocean-based technologies to remove carbon dioxide

The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Special Report on Global Warming underlines that all projected actions aiming to limit warming up to 1.5 °C also require the use of negative emission technologies (NETs). So far, the majority of NETs studies have focused on land-based technologies, which are unlikely to be a sufficient climate mitigation measure to compliment emission reductions. Knowledge of ocean-based technologies that may have a higher capacity to remove and store carbon, is still limited. The EU-funded OceanNETs project will explore the feasibility, positive and negative impacts of ocean-based NETs and demonstrate whether they can play a substantial and sustainable role in medium-to-long-term actions to limit warming. Additionally, the impacts of ocean-based NETs on society and the Earth system, as well as the effects of ocean-based and land-based NETs interactions, will be assessed.

Objective

In addition to urgently needed emission reductions, the IPCC Special Report on Global Warming of 1.5°C highlighted with high confidence that all projected pathways that limit warming to 1.5°C also require the use of Negative Emission Technologies (NETs). The majority of NETs research has focused on land-based methods, however, meeting climate mitigation targets with land-based NETs alone, will be extremely difficult, if not impossible. NET knowledge on the ocean-based counterpart, which has a considerably higher capacity to store carbon, remains limited. OceanNETs will investigate the feasibility and impacts of emerging ocean-based NETs through a transdisciplinary research approach. We will establish if ocean-based NETs can play a substantial and sustainable role in medium-to-long term pathways that achieve climate neutrality from the perspective of reaching the Paris Agreement goals. The impacts of ocean-based NETs on society and the Earth system will also be determined. The respective policy challenges, as well as the implications of interactions between ocean- and terrestrial-based NETs in these pathways, will also be assessed. Analyses will account for both risks and co-benefits, as well as any feedbacks these may have on NET efficacy and feasibility. The project will contribute to major international, national, and EU assessments of possible climate mitigation options. OceanNETs breaks new ground by bringing together recognized NET experts from economic, political, legal, social, and natural sciences and establishing a tight dialogue with stakeholders in a single integrated project. The scientific experts will synergistically work in parallel and together, whilst interacting with stakeholders, to evaluate ocean-based NETs within a UN sustainable development goals framework. The strength of OceanNETs lies in its transdisciplinary approach as opposed to existing disciplinary studies.

Fields of science

Call for proposal

H2020-LC-CLA-2018-2019-2020

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Sub call

H2020-LC-CLA-2019-2

Coordinator

HELMHOLTZ-ZENTRUM FUR OZEANFORSCHUNG KIEL (GEOMAR)
Net EU contribution
€ 2 502 447,31
Address
WISCHHOFSTRASSE 1-3
24148 Kiel
Germany

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Region
Schleswig-Holstein Schleswig-Holstein Kiel, Kreisfreie Stadt
Activity type
Research Organisations
Links
Total cost
€ 2 502 447,50

Participants (13)