CORDIS - EU research results
CORDIS

Efficient and Robust Oxide Switching

Project description

Improved thin-film structures could render memristors more reliable

The amount of digital information produced globally is exploding. A whopping 90 % of the world’s data that existed in 2016 had been created in the previous two years alone. Non-volatile memory technology is key to efficiently storing and managing this data deluge, offering high speeds and reduced power consumption. Memristors, fundamental two-terminal circuit elements, have promising applications in non-volatile memory and neuromorphic computing. However, despite a decade of intense research efforts, lack of precise control of thin-film properties prevent them from being uniform and hinder their large-scale production. The EU-funded EROS project plans to engineer new forms of nanostructured oxide thin-films with improved resistive switching behaviour. Improved thin-film structures will render oxide memristors more reliable and change the technology landscape in artificial intelligence and security.

Objective

We are at the beginning of a Data Age. Data is exploding. In 2016, 90% of the world’s data ever created was in the two previous years. AI and data analytics are further increasing the growth. The power demand is huge and growing. Within a few years some developed countries will not have sufficient power to sustain the growth. The negative effects on the planet are serious. Non-volatile memory (NVM) technology (including memory and neuromorphic computing elements in a single device) could strongly help to solve the problem, giving two orders of magnitude power reduction and, by removing the data transfer bottleneck, increased speed. Oxide memristors have significant advantages over competing NVM technologies, particularly in terms of speed, cost and temperature stability. However, after more than a decade of intense effort, serious challenges remain in terms of scaling, uniformity and robustness. The challenges all relate to a lack of precise control of the materials. Completely new thinking in thin film materials engineering is needed.

EROS provides this new thinking by designing and engineering new forms of nanostructured oxide films to give highly Efficient, Robust Oxide Switching in an ultra-dense, ultra-low power, reliable oxide memristor system, with potential to change the technology landscape in AI, IoT, and security. ‘Ideal’ films will first be designed, fabricated, and understood. These will direct the way to simple industry-platform devices. Stochastic effects will be eliminated by creating films with separate vertical nanoscale ionic and electron channels with highly controlled vacancy and electronic concentrations, allowing scaling to a few nm, in a forming-free system. Also, multifunctional hybrid structures will be developed to give robustness. Furthermore, ferroelectricity will be induced, allowing simpler and smaller devices. Confidence in the proposed approach comes from proof-of-concept model systems shown by the PI.

Host institution

THE CHANCELLOR MASTERS AND SCHOLARS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE
Net EU contribution
€ 1 913 521,00
Address
TRINITY LANE THE OLD SCHOOLS
CB2 1TN Cambridge
United Kingdom

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Region
East of England East Anglia Cambridgeshire CC
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Links
Total cost
€ 1 913 521,00

Beneficiaries (1)