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IT tools and methods for managing migration FLOWS

Leistungen

Analysis on migration drivers and trajectories along The Eastern Mediterranean Route (South-Central Asia & Middle East); Central and Western Mediterranean Routes (North, West, and the Horn of Africa); Atlantic Air Route (South America)

It will map a wide range of factors covering political and governance dynamics demographic trends human and socioeconomic development conflicts and the role of external actors among others The focus will then shift to the intervening factors along the main regions of transit facilitating impeding or shaping the direction of crossbordermovement such as migrant smuggling networks policies likely to impact on mobility patterns information and social network effects and human rights violations

Users Board Participatory Feedback Report

In month 5 a workshop with all UB members will be held in order to gather firsthand feedback on the challenges needs and priorities in their area of expertise and within the territory covered by every enduser The feedback gathered during the workshop will beessential to draft and deliver the Users Board Participatory Feedback Report month 6 The report will synthesise the UBs functional requirements and will represent a key part of the input necessary to drive the development of the EMT specifications and architecture conducted in T61 and the furher design of the tool

Report on Human Rights, Ethical, Societal and Data protection risks assessments

It will include an Ethical and Societal Impact Assessment UABBUL and a Data Protection Impact Assessment FIZ pursuant to Article 35 GDPR

Stakeholders Database & Report on planned engagement activities

It will be activated from the outset and continually work on this throughout the projectlifetime in order to actively engage with targeted stakeholders to ensure real impact Stakeholder engagement is an intrinsic successful factor for the implementation of ITFLOWS

Analysis of the role of contextual factors and dynamics of attitudes on social media, especially hate speech

It will conduct econometric analyses to improve the understanding of the determinants of hate speech and related phenomena For this we will rely on geographically disaggregated data at the destination country level available eg from Eurostat

Analysis with meta-analytical results of microand macro- level factors affecting attitudes to immigration based on results from the last 10 years in 5 disciplines

It will create a multidisciplinary systematic metaanalytical overview of the state of knowledge of the past 10 years regarding the most prominent micro and macro level factors associated with variations in attitudes to immigration across individuals and across countries It will be based on a review of the literature in different disciplines such as economics sociology political science psychology and geographydemography

Report on the specifications and architecture of the EMT platform

It will consist of a dialogue between 1 the technological partners in charge of creating the models and the EMT 2 the partners that will collect and analyse data in the previous WPs and 3 enduser partners The main goal is to translate the enduser requirements defined in T71 to formal specifications for EMT that will lead to the design its architecture Additionally partners responsible for WPs related to data collection will specify the available data sources whereas openintelligence data sources eg news videos web articles etc will be explored Based on enduser requirements and designated data sources technological partners will identify and define the core functionalities and specifications of EMT Based on these the EMT architecture will be defined that will guide the development phase ensure that it is wellaligned with enduser expectations

Overview report (available via EMT) on relevant socio -economic situation in each EU member state covered in project, and dataset on economic situation as input in EMT and for WPs 3, 5, 6 and assess the possibility of access via APIs

In the first part of this deliverable an overview of the economic and social situation in relevant EU member states will be created compiling indicators that can affect migration decisions planned destinations and integration trajectories after arrival In close cooperation with other work packages it will also identify sources of live data from APIs that could be integrated into the EUMigraTool The data we compile in this task will also contribute to standardising data sources across work packages A manual and code examples explaining how these data sources can be used after the project aims to widen the use of modern data sources beyond the project

Reports on (1) the impact of family migration and family reunification of refugees and other migrants (2) secondary movements within the EU

Recent German panel data to create estimates of expected numbers of arrivals to be used for family reunification programmes will be used An additional analysis will assess future potential magnitudes of family migration inflows as well as their demographic and labor market implications Existing and updated data sources for information on the secondary movement of refugees within the EU will be also examinedPropensities for different groups of arriving migrants to move further within the EU after their arrival will be also analysed

Interim project report

Monitoring project execution at an administrative level as well as ensuring the timely delivery of the regular EC reports M18 M36

Quantitative analysis on the role of transit countries in shaping migration flows to Europe

It will provide new evidence on the role of transit countries in shaping bilateral migration flows to which academic literature has paid minor attention Drawing on similar approaches used in analysing how climatic factors drive bilateral migration it will incorporate transit countries characteristics in the regression models for analysing the determinants of bilateral migration flows We will gather data on relevant conditions in transit countries such as infrastructure quality conflicts climatic conditions and governance indicators and incorporate them to our dataset on bilateral migration flows so as to estimate their impact on the flows

Report on the ITFLOWS Legal and Ethical framework

It will focus among other issues on the prohibition of nondiscrimination minority rights migrant rights and intersectionality standards related to fundamental human rights the idea of integration and how this is linked to human rights standards It will serve as the basis for the work of the project Later on consistency with all these elements will be a continuous process the team will work closely with the technical members ensuring that the required standards are not compromised by the technical innovations of the project In addition it will outline the EU legal framework on privacy and data protection tohekp the partners comply with the applicable requirements when designing the tool and performing the research work in the project eg carrying out interviews

Report on the ITFLOWS Regulatory Model

It entails the definition of a Compliance through design CtD strategy particularly designed for ITFLOWS The aim is to ensure that the project reaches the right balance between the advancement and innovation foreseen and the alignment of the research activities and the EUMigraTool with the relevant ethical and legal requirementsand the societal values previously identified in T21 It will further include the definition of measures organisational and technical directed to address the risks identified in T22

Preliminary Exploitation Plan

In month 18 the Consortium will prepare a preliminary Exploitation Plan

Report describing the dataset used in training ITFLOWS social listening system and the methodology used to prepare and annotate it

It aims at better understanding the destination intentions of prospective migrants includes filtering tweets based on i trending hashtags about the current migration situations ii tweets geographical information ie mention of locations tweets location of origin and iii use of a particular language This method will also help extract the opinions of experts residing in origin host or third countries from their official twitter accounts Timebased constraints will also be provided for initial filtering whenthe migration was at its peak We will describe the dataset used in training ITFLOWS social listening system and the methodology used to prepare and annotate it in a report

Quantitative report on the time structure of forced displacement and annotated dataset on forced displacement

It will provide evidence on the time sequence of migration from origin countries toneighbouring and transit countries which is oftentimes neglected in research despite being essential for accurately predicting migration flows Focusing on Africa we will combine displacement data provided by the IOM Displacement Tracking Matrix DTM with highfrequency information on conflict and climatic shocks in origin countries It will regress the changes in the number of displaced persons over a given period on simultaneous changes in the conflict and climate incidents to learn which time lag between the incidents and displacement has the most predictive power It will present our results along with the dataset underlying it which will also feed into the simulation of migration flows WP6

Communication & Dissemination Strategy

It will set out and plan for ITFLOWS communication dissemination and impact activities

Data management plan

Data Management Plan DMP will be delivered in M6 The plan will describe the expected data management life cycle for the data to be collected processed andor generated by ITFLOWS For making ITFLOWS research data findable accessible interoperable and reusable FAIR the DMP will include information on the handling of research data during and after the end of the projectwhat data to be collected processed or generated methodology and standards to be applied whether data will be shared or open access and how data will be curated and preserved

Gender Action Plan

The gender mainstreaming approach promoted in ITFLOWS will be detailed in a Gender Action Plan WP2 It will be devised at the outset of the project and will minimise specific inequalities that could affect the ITFLOWS project As an example panels and policy events organised within ITFLOWS will incorporate at least 50 female participantsspeakers The Gender Action Plan will also identify contexts that may place certain subgroups of migrants in a disproportionately vulnerable position and therefore in need of protection For instance it will analyse the problems and needs faced by female male and LGBTQ migrants in every phase of the migration process Gender and intersectional analysis will also provide a more accurate representation of the models andpatterns of migrants and their sociodemographic impact on EU countries WP5 This cluster will examine how gender and its intersection with other forms of discrimination affect the asylum application process and it will also reflect the social and economic contribution of migrants to the country of destination

Preliminary release of the EMT

Based on the revised mockups visual interfaces will be designed to present the simulation results Visual analytic tools will be developed for interactively exploring simulation results and collected data incorporating techniques for the correlation analysis between raw data sources and simulation These techniques will include baseline techniques such as scatter plots bar charts timelines etc as well as more sophisticated approaches including graphbased visualization models for correlation exploration and magnification techniques for focusing on specific regions

Software Prototype Release of Social Media Analysis Tool to monitor public attitudes towards migration including the basic filtering

Huge number of tweets leading to computational issues will be dealt with by designing scalable methods based on distributed computing using platforms available for Big Dataprocessing such as Apache Spark Hadoop Keras etc

Project's website and project branding

A dedicated website will be created at the start of the project and will have individual tabs identifying the project partners explaining the aim of the project and introducing its expected outcomes A series of eports generated in the course of the projects implementation to be submitted by all partners will be hosted on the ITFLOWS websiteDigital tools such as interactive data visualisation interfaces hosted on the project website These interfaces will mainly communicate the main research results of WP3 WP4 WP5 and WP6 The information will address both policy makers to better understand the projects research outcomes and to end users of the EMT and social partners to facilitate the understanding of the data behind the EMT and to ensure the inflow of feedback

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Veröffentlichungen

Fundamental Rights Implications of Interconnecting Migration and Policing Databases in the EU

Autoren: Cristina Blasi Casagran
Veröffentlicht in: Human Rights Law Review, 21/2, 2021, Page(s) 433-457, ISSN 1461-7781
Herausgeber: Oxford University Press
DOI: 10.1093/hrlr/ngaa057

The Role of Emerging Predictive IT Tools in Effective Migration Governance

Autoren: Cristina Blasi Casagran, Colleen Boland, Elena Sánchez-Montijano, Eva Vilà Sanchez
Veröffentlicht in: Politics and Governance, 9/4, 2021, Page(s) 133-145, ISSN 2183-2463
Herausgeber: Cogitatio Press
DOI: 10.17645/pag.v9i4.4436

European Muslim Youth and Gender (in)Equality Discourse: Towards a More Critical Academic Inquiry

Autoren: Colleen Boland
Veröffentlicht in: Social Sciences, 10/4, 2021, Page(s) 133, ISSN 2076-0760
Herausgeber: MDPI
DOI: 10.3390/socsci10040133

MigrationsKB: A Knowledge Base of Public Attitudes towards Migrations and their Driving Factors

Autoren: Chen, Yiyi; Sack, Harald; Alam, Mehwish
Veröffentlicht in: 1, 2021
Herausgeber: Cornell university
DOI: 10.48550/arxiv.2108.07593

Border Management Systems: How Can They Help Against Pandemics.

Autoren: Stavropoulos, G., Triantafyllou, D., Makri, E., Székely, Z., Tzovaras, D.
Veröffentlicht in: Intelligent Technologies and Applications. INTAP 2020. Communications in Computer and Information Science, vol 1382, 2021, ISBN 978-3-030-71710-0
Herausgeber: Springer
DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-71711-7_27

MigrAnalytics: Entity-based Analytics of Migration Tweets

Autoren: Mehwish Alam, Genet Asefa Gesese, Zahra Rezaie, Harald Sack
Veröffentlicht in: 2020
Herausgeber: CEUR Workshop Proceedings

Temporal Evolution of the Migration-related Topics on Social Media

Autoren: Yiyi Chen, Genet Asefa Gesese, Harald Sack, and Mehwish Alam
Veröffentlicht in: 2021
Herausgeber: CEUR Workshop Proceedings