European Commission logo
español español
CORDIS - Resultados de investigaciones de la UE
CORDIS

Understanding Clouds Across Scales

Descripción del proyecto

Pequeños procesos de las nubes con un gran impacto

Las nubes regulan la temperatura media de la Tierra: algunas contribuyen a disminuirla, otras a aumentarla. Por eso es tan importante conocerlas bien. La microfísica de las nubes, que describe el agua condensada en la atmósfera, y los estudios destinados a comprender las nubes como parte del sistema climático son esenciales para la meteorología y el clima. Pero, por el momento, son bastante limitados. Por ejemplo, apenas tenemos información sobre los efectos de los procesos de nubes a pequeña escala sobre las propiedades a gran escala de cúmulos superficiales. El proyecto financiado con fondos europeos UCAS abordará esta cuestión. En particular, utilizará un nuevo método de modelización que acorte la brecha entre la simulación numérica directa y la simulación de grandes remolinos.

Objetivo

Clouds are an essential part of the Earth’s climate system with significant influence on the global radiation budget. However, our understanding of clouds in the climate system is highly uncertain, in large part because of the complex network of interactions and feedbacks originating from small-scale cloud processes, such as turbulent entrainment and mixing, cloud-radiation interactions, and cloud microphysics, and the fact that these processes are usually neglected or only crudely parameterized. This is especially the case for low-level clouds such as the trade-wind shallow cumuli, which are the focus of this project “Understanding clouds across scales” (UCAS).

Entrainment and mixing have significant effects on the microphysical composition of a cloud and hence its radiative properties. These processes have been classically described by the interaction of turbulence and cloud microphysics. Recent work, however, has identified the saturation of mixed air as another crucial parameter, emphasizing the preconditioning of the mixed air by the interaction of turbulence, cloud microphysics, and radiation. We aim to investigate these processes for shallow cumuli. The project will use observations from a large upcoming observational campaign, but is based on the modeling of aforementioned processes, using a novel modeling approach that bridges the gap between direct numerical and large-eddy simulation, covering all relevant spatial scales from the entire cloud field down to the smallest lengthscales of turbulence in a single model. Resolving this wide range of scales is essential, enabling unprecedented insights on the effects of small-scale processes on entire cloud fields, without the typical restrictions of a limited domain or insufficient resolution.

All in all, this project will further process-level understanding of small-scale cloud processes and their effects on the large-scale properties of shallow cumuli, and hence their role in Earth’s climate system.

Coordinador

LUDWIG-MAXIMILIANS-UNIVERSITAET MUENCHEN
Aportación neta de la UEn
€ 162 806,40
Dirección
GESCHWISTER SCHOLL PLATZ 1
80539 MUNCHEN
Alemania

Ver en el mapa

Región
Bayern Oberbayern München, Kreisfreie Stadt
Tipo de actividad
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Enlaces
Coste total
€ 162 806,40