CORDIS - Forschungsergebnisse der EU
CORDIS

Targeting G-quadruplex DNA Structures in Bacteria to Combat Antimicrobial Resistance

Projektbeschreibung

DNA-Sekundärstrukturen in Bakterien: Zielobjekt für eine neue antimikrobielle Strategie

Das G-Quadruplex (G4) ist eine in eukaryotischen und prokaryotischen Zellen auftretende Sekundärstruktur der DNA, die mit bedeutenden biologischen Prozessen in Verbindung gebracht wird. Im hochpathogenen Bakterium Pseudomonas aeruginosa, das für viele Krankenhausinfektionen verantwortlich ist, bildet sich G4 an den Genpromotoren. Wenn diese Strukturen zerstört werden, sterben die Bakterien ab. Das EU-finanzierte Projekt G4-AntiBac wird die Funktion von G4 in Bakterien untersuchen und im Zuge einer neuen antimikrobiellen Strategie neue Verbindungen entwickeln, die auf diese Sekundärstrukturen abzielen. Das Projekt kommt der Notwendigkeit nach, neue biomolekulare Ziele für die Entwicklung neuer Antibiotikaklassen zu identifizieren, und leistet damit einen wichtigen Beitrag zur Bekämpfung von antimikrobieller Resistenz.

Ziel

There is a pressing need to develop new antimicrobial approaches to combat bacterial resistance to antibiotics. Pseudomonas aeruginosa – a dreadful Gram-negative bacterium pathogen associated with severe acute and chronic human diseases – is responsible for 10-15 % of hospital-acquired infections worldwide. Thus, it is important to identify new biomolecular targets in bacteria and design new molecules that can selectively target them. This project aims to study G-quadruplex DNA (G4 DNA) structures as a new bio-molecular target for the development of new classes of antibiotics. G4 DNA is a non-canonical structure of DNA whose formation has been associated to a number of important biological processes. While the function of G4 DNA is well established in eukaryotic cells, far less is known about their functions in bacteria. Preliminary data from the host group has shown that G4 DNA’s can form in gene promoter regions of the genome in P. aeruginosa. They have also shown that metal complexes can bind to this G4 DNA regions and display antibacterial activity. In this project, I propose to develop novel compounds (via a ‘target-guided synthesis’ approach) that can specifically bind with high affinity to G4 DNA structures of relevance to bacteria. If the newly developed bacterial G4 DNA binders exhibit low cellular uptake, I propose to implement the well-established liposomal delivery strategies to improve their uptake into the targeted bacterial strains. Finally, the highly active compounds will be used to study the proposed gene regulatory role that G-quadruplexes play in P. aeruginosa. My proposed research falls under one of the key priorities (i.e. Infectious diseases and improving global health) of the Horizon-2020 work programme. The outcome of the proposed study will have impact in addressing one of the key objectives (i.e. Develop New Therapeutics and Alternatives) of the recently documented ‘European One Health Action Plan against Antimicrobial Resistance’.

Schlüsselbegriffe

Koordinator

IMPERIAL COLLEGE OF SCIENCE TECHNOLOGY AND MEDICINE
Netto-EU-Beitrag
€ 224 933,76
Adresse
SOUTH KENSINGTON CAMPUS EXHIBITION ROAD
SW7 2AZ LONDON
Vereinigtes Königreich

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Region
London Inner London — West Westminster
Aktivitätstyp
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Links
Gesamtkosten
€ 224 933,76