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The sweetest gender: feminine subjectivities and the gendering of sweets in Barcelona (1650-1800)

Descripción del proyecto

La fabricación de dulces por mujeres en la historia de Barcelona

Existe un inmenso volumen de literatura histórica que trata el impacto del comercio colonial español entre 1650 y 1800, un período crucial para la globalización y popularización del consumo de azúcar. La producción y el consumo de dulces es un importante tema de investigación relacionado. Además, también resulta pertinente el aspecto de género, teniendo en cuenta el papel especial que desempeñaron las mujeres en la popularización de las costumbres de consumo de dulces; sin embargo, apenas ha sido objeto de estudio. El proyecto financiado con fondos europeos SWEET explorará las aportaciones económicas, sociales e intelectuales de las mujeres a la fabricación de dulces en la ciudad de Barcelona. La investigación se basará en recursos que contienen abundante información y que, hasta la fecha, apenas han sido estudiados. Incluirá textos y artefactos visuales y materiales que abarcan gran parte del patrimonio cultural local.

Objetivo

Held assumptions about an inherent female sweet tooth are long-standing, shaping beliefs, attitudes and eating habits from the early modern era to the present day. This research project investigates the process of feminization of sweet taste as well as feminine subjectivities in the making and eating sweets in Barcelona between 1650 and 1800, a crucial period of globalization and popularization of sugar consumption. By addressing the connection between sweets and female nature, this study aims to examine how cultural meanings of sweet food emerged and evolved in the period when sugar was becoming a mass-consumption commodity in Europe. Firstly, this study explores how the changing culinary tastes and the diffusion of new medical knowledge affected the ways of thinking about ‘sweet food’ as well as the social and economic aspects of the sugar trade. Secondly, it examines the agency of women in the manufacture of sweets in private and public spheres, challenging the guild of confectioners in the city. Finally, it looks at refrescos as specific patterns of consumption of sweets and sociability in which women played a crucial role as civilizing agents in the Spanish Enlightenment. This study is based on a large set of underexplored textual, visual and material sources, making use of the rich cultural heritage preserved in Barcelona. By examining the social, intellectual and economic agency of women, this research seeks to move beyond historiographical narratives dominated by men as central actors in the global history of sugar. This research will change the main focus of the recent scholarly away from the courtly circles and Atlantic colonial trade to a Mediterranean and non-courtly urban contexts, which is underrepresented in the field of the substantial historiography on sugar. Overall, it will provide an original reading of the Spanish Enlightenment and further their incorporation into the current debates on the Global Enlightenment.

Coordinador

THE CHANCELLOR MASTERS AND SCHOLARS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE
Aportación neta de la UEn
€ 212 933,76
Dirección
TRINITY LANE THE OLD SCHOOLS
CB2 1TN Cambridge
Reino Unido

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Región
East of England East Anglia Cambridgeshire CC
Tipo de actividad
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Enlaces
Coste total
€ 212 933,76