Skip to main content
European Commission logo print header

Deciphering the role of PI(4,5)P2 and its modulators PPK-1 and CSNK-1 in nematode asymmetric division

Project description

Key determinants in asymmetric cell division

Early on during development cells undergo asymmetric divisions, giving rise to daughter cells of different fates. Despite the identification of specific factors that govern cell polarity and asymmetric division, there are certain aspects of the process that remain poorly understood. The EU-funded PIADINE project aims to investigate how plasma membrane tension affects cell division by focussing on the role of the lipid phosphatidylinositol biphosphate (PIP2). Using Caenorhabditis elegans and Pristionchus pacificus embryos as model organisms, researchers will provide novel insight into the mechanism of asymmetric cell division, with significant implications for developmental and stem cell biology.

Objective

The first embryonic division of Caenorhabditis elegans is a powerful system to dissect the mechanisms governing asymmetric division, which relies on PAR-proteins for cell polarity and on dynein-dependant forces for centrosome and spindle positioning. In contrast to the extensive knowledge regarding proteins regulating asymmetric division, the contribution of plasma membrane tension, as well as of PIP2 and its modulators PPK-1 and CSNK-1 is poorly understood.

I propose to decipher these questions as follows:

1) PIP2 is enriched in the embryo anterior in microdomains of the plasma membrane. I will test the contribution of PPK-1, the only kinase from the proteome converting PIP into PIP2 in formation of PIP2 microdomains distribution, cell polarity and pulling force. This will be achieved through ppk-1(RNAi) as well as two complementary optogenetic approaches to obtain acute spatiotemporal inactivation of PIP2.

2) I will decipher how the casein kinase CSNK-1 interacts with and phosphorylates PPK-1, thereby presumably regulating PIP2 microdomain distribution and function, as well as identify and characterize up to three CSNK-1 phospho-substrates with.

3) I will test whether PIP2 undergoes phase separation driven by a decrease in plasma membrane tension, and, if so, investigate the consequences on asymmetric division. Moreover, I will study the relationship between membrane tension and cortex contractility.

4) I will analyze asymmetric cell division in the one-cell Pristiochus pacificus embryo I will then use the knowledge acquired in C. elegans to conduct related experiments in P. pacificus, thus investigating potential conserved and divergent themes governing asymmetric division across nematode evolution.

Overall, these experiments will shed critical light on the poorly understood contribution of PIP2 and its modulators to asymmetric division, an evolutionarily conserved process fundamental for development and stem cell lineages.

æ

Coordinator

ECOLE POLYTECHNIQUE FEDERALE DE LAUSANNE
Net EU contribution
€ 191 149,44
Address
Batiment ce 3316 station 1
1015 Lausanne
Switzerland

See on map

Region
Schweiz/Suisse/Svizzera Région lémanique Vaud
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Links
Other funding
€ 0,00