African racial identity during Italy’s national unification, colonial conquests
What was the role of visual and material culture in the formation of an African racial identity during Italy’s national unification and its colonial conquests up to the fall of fascism? The EU-funded ARER project will answer this question. Italian colonialism coincided with the constitution of the nation state. Its first campaigns turned towards Africa, reinforcing patriotic sentiment and inscribing Italy among the colonial powers. As such, the figure of the Italian was in contrast to that of the Africans. The project’s findings will provide new insight into the current discussion about the contemporary resurgence of racism and xenophobia in a Europe affected by a migration crisis and the rise of populism.