Skip to main content
European Commission logo print header

Model-based biomarkers for the characterization and quantification of global states of consciousness

Project description

New biomarkers for neuroscience

Biomarkers are quantitative biological measurements that provide information about the state of a disease, its response to treatment and other features. Establishing biomarkers has been extremely challenging in the field of neuroscience. All biomarkers proposed so far are theory-based but empirically defined. The EU-funded MBMsforDOC project aims to establish a new family of model-based biomarkers (MBMs). This will help address the knowledge gaps associated with the causal mechanisms underlying the different states of consciousness. The project aims to develop computational whole-brain models and test the MBMs for the diagnosis and prognosis of disorders of consciousness.

Objective

Studying the brain mechanisms behind consciousness is a major challenge for neuroscience and medicine. Yet so far, there is no such thing as a unique biomarker that can precisely define the state of consciousness of a disorders of consciousness (DOC) patient. All the biomarkers proposed so far are theory-based but empirically defined (EBM; empirical biomarkers): the thresholds that separate categories are set in a data-driven way. In this project, we propose a novel approach using model-based biomarkers (MBM). This new family of biomarkers (MBMs) will not only complement the EBMs but mainly will naturally address the knowledge gaps associated with the understanding of the underlying causal mechanisms behind the different states of consciousness. The modelling of the structural and functional connectivity will be combined with novel, systematic perturbational approaches that can provide new insights into the human brain’s ability to integrate and segregate information over time. In particular, with this approach we will address the hypothesis that MBMs provide functional fingerprinting of conscious states and insights into the underlying necessary and sufficient brain networks as well as their neural mechanisms. To address the development of these biomarkers, we propose a highly interdisciplinary project that combines basic and clinical neuroscience with whole-brain computational modelling proposing a synergy between two groups with large expertise in each area to address a common question
We will develop computational whole-brain models based on single-patient neuroimaging data. We will extract MBM from the adjusted model parameters and from in-silico simulations. We will test the utility of these biomarkers for the diagnosis of patients with chronic DOC. Then, we will contrast the MBM with a set of previously developed EBM. Finally, we will analyze the diagnostic and prognostic capacity of these biomarkers in DOC patients in both chronic and acute stages.

æ

Coordinator

INSTITUT DU CERVEAU ET DE LA MOELLE EPINIERE
Net EU contribution
€ 196 707,84
Address
Boulevard de l'hopital 47
75013 Paris
France

See on map

Region
Ile-de-France Ile-de-France Paris
Activity type
Research Organisations
Links
Other funding
€ 0,00