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Garlic and health; the development of high quality garlic and its influence on biomarkers of artherosclerosis and cancer in humans for disease prevention

Objective

The product of garlic (Allium sativum L) in Europe is concentrated in Mediterranean countries, Spain, France and Italy. The price of European garlic is high, especially in comparison with Chinese garlic. This price deference could severely threaten the European garlic growers if there was a free market in Europe for garlic. However, to protect the European garlic growers the European Commision issued in 1993 a regulation that only 12000 tons of Chinese garlic can be imported annually. The aim of the plant part of this project is to develop methods, through improved seed technology and genetics, which will enable the European garlic growers to meet the internal demand for high quality products and to compete on the international level. Cancer and cardiovascular diseases are by far the leading causes of death and morbidity in the EU. The health cost spent on the treatment of these diseases reaches many billion EURO. Garlic has been used for a long time as a food with many therapeutic effects. Its beneficial effects are directly linked to its sulphur metabolic. Detailed studies on the mechanism underlying cancer and cardio-vascular diseases are lacking and especially studies with defined garlic preparations and compounds are poorly found. Therefore in this project we will focus on the role of garlic for the prevention of chronic diseases like atherosclerosis and cancer.

Funding Scheme

CSC - Cost-sharing contracts

Coordinator

PLANT RESEARCH INTERNATIONAL B.V.
Address
Droevendaalsesteeg 1
Wageningen
Netherlands

Participants (13)

Business Unit of TNO Built Environment and Geosciences
Netherlands
Address
Van Mourik Broekmanweg 6
2628 XE Delft
CENTRE DE COOPÉRATION INTERNATIONALE EN RECHERCHE AGRONOMIQUE POUR LE DÉVELOPPEMENT (CIRAD)
France
Address
Rue Scheffer, 42
75116 Paris
HORTICULTURE RESEARCH INTERNATIONAL
United Kingdom
Address

CV35 9EF Wellesbourne, Warwick
Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique (INRA)
France
Address
147 Rue De L'université
75341 Paris
LICHTWER PHARMA AG
Germany
Address
Wallenroder Strasse 8-10
13435 Berlin
LUDWIG-MAXIMILIANS UNIVERSITY OF MUNICH
Germany
Address
Geschwister-scholl-platz 1
80539 Muenchen
SOCIÉTÉ COOPÉRATIVE AGRICOLE DE PRODUCTION DE LÉGUMES
France
Address
Route Nationale 5 (Villers Les Pots)
21130 Auxonne
THE AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH ORGANISATION OF ISRAEL - THE VOLCANI CENTRE
Israel
Address
Junction Bet Dagan
50250 Bet Dagan
THE HEBREW UNIVERSITY OF JERUSALEM - THE AUTHORITY FOR RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
Israel
Address
Givat Ram Campus, Edmond Safra
91904 Jerusalem
THE UNIVERSITY OF LIVERPOOL
United Kingdom
Address
Senate House, Abercromby Square
L69 3SG Liverpool
UNIVERSIDAD DE CORDOBA
Spain
Address
Avenida De San Alberto Magno S/n
14071 Cordoba
UNIVERSITAET LEIPZIG
Germany
Address
Liebigstrasse 16
04103 Leipzig
UNIVERSITÉ FRANÇOIS RABELAIS DE TOURS
France
Address
Avenue Monge, Parc Grandmont
37200 Tours