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Advanced m-CHP fuel CELL system based on a novel bio-ethanol Fluidized bed membrane reformer

Objective

FLUIDCELL aims the Proof of Concept of an advanced high performance, cost effective bio-ethanol m-CHP FC system for decentralized off-grid, by improving technology developments from previous EU projects. The improvements will be achieved by development of a) better system integration using a fluidized bed catalytic membrane reactor working at low temperature (<500°C) b)innovative materials;Pd pore filled (PdPF) membrane, low temperature autothermal ethanol steam reforming (AESR) catalysits and c) most advance FC technologies. Low temperature allows lower thermal duty, higher compactness, use of less expensive materials and long term stability.
The H2 is produced from bioethanol which is non-toxic, high energy density, easy handling fuel which can be obtained from cellulose or lignocellulose. Compared with standard AESR, the use of a membrane reactor allows operating at lower temperatures while also suppressing the methane formation via the in-situ recovery of H2. The fluidized bed system allows operating at a virtually uniform temperature which is beneficial in terms of both membrane stability and durability and for the reaction selectivity and yield; since the possible carbonaceous depositions are better exposed to contact with steam and, therefore, faster gasified; in addition, the feedstock is in contact with all the catalyst particles and the fluxes and temperatures are homogeneous, avoiding any polarization phenomena along the membrane.
The use of the H2-selective Pd membrane, as proposed in FluidCELL, can circumvent the constraint of high temperatures by shifting the equilibriums, allowing higher H2 yield at much lower temperatures. Besides, the possible detrimental erosion of the membrane produced by fluidized bed will be diminished by considering the use of PdPF membranes where Pd is located inside the nanopores of a ceramic support located below a ceramic protecting layer; this innovative membrane will be for the first time used in fluidized bed reactors.
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Coordinator

FUNDACION TECNALIA RESEARCH & INNOVATION

Address

Parque Cientifico Y Tecnologico De Bizkaia, Astondo Bidea, Edificio 700
48160 Derio Bizkaia

Spain

Activity type

Research Organisations

EU Contribution

€ 389 051

Administrative Contact

Jon Zuñiga Palacio (Mr.)

Participants (8)

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TECHNISCHE UNIVERSITEIT EINDHOVEN

Netherlands

EU Contribution

€ 209 362

COMMISSARIAT A L ENERGIE ATOMIQUE ET AUX ENERGIES ALTERNATIVES

France

EU Contribution

€ 383 388

POLITECNICO DI MILANO

Italy

EU Contribution

€ 166 950

UNIVERSITA DEGLI STUDI DI SALERNO

Italy

EU Contribution

€ 255 380

UNIVERSIDADE DO PORTO

Portugal

EU Contribution

€ 103 431

I.C.I CALDAIE SPA

Italy

EU Contribution

€ 394 780

HYGEAR BV

Netherlands

EU Contribution

€ 439 599

QUANTIS

Switzerland

EU Contribution

€ 150 400

Project information

Grant agreement ID: 621196

Status

Closed project

  • Start date

    1 April 2014

  • End date

    30 April 2018

Funded under:

FP7-JTI

  • Overall budget:

    € 4 193 548,92

  • EU contribution

    € 2 492 341

Coordinated by:

FUNDACION TECNALIA RESEARCH & INNOVATION

Spain