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Frontier chemistry: Helping to achieve a truly green and circular economy for Europe

The EU must use every tool in its arsenal to achieve its wide-reaching and ambitious climate goals, particularly the goal to be fully carbon-neutral by 2050. One of those tools is innovative chemistry research with a focus on catalysis – the process of increasing the rate of a chemical reaction by adding a substance known as a ‘catalyst’. In this CORDIS Results Pack, we highlight the efforts of 14 projects funded by the European Research Council (ERC) that work within this field and make substantial contributions to the development of greener and more sustainable industrial processes.

Climate Change and Environment icon Climate Change and Environment
Energy icon Energy
Fundamental Research icon Fundamental Research

Catalysts are absolutely essential to many of the processes that help to sustain life on Earth. These include truly natural processes, such as Nature’s ability to turn sunlight into energy, and industrial processes developed by humans, such as the commercial production of fertilisers for agriculture. Catalysed reactions form the basis of many industrial chemical processes and catalyst manufacturing is a rapidly expanding industrial trend. Both are now widely exploited to efficiently provide solar fuels, improve fuel cells and create valuable industrial precursors from abundant feedstocks. As a result, it’s no surprise that the continued development of catalysts is key to future human progress, particularly with regards to fighting climate change, humanity’s greatest challenge in the 21st century.

Research & Development: A crucial ingredient in greening Europe

The European Green Deal is the European Commission’s dedicated and highly ambitious plan to make the EU’s economy and societies truly sustainable whilst ensuring Europe’s global competitiveness. No policy instrument is being left unused or untouched for achieving these goals, but at the same time, a corresponding effort to boost and promote research and technological development is also required. The ERC, founded in 2007 as an important component of the EU’s dedicated programmes for research and innovation, makes a vital contribution by providing grants to Europe’s most talented researchers, who work to advance the frontiers of human understanding and knowledge.

Taking Nature as inspiration

Whilst the ERC does not provide funding based on predefined themes, many ERC grantees have taken Nature as a direct inspiration to advance and reimagine the traditional vectors and applications of catalysis, leading to exciting contributions in line with the goals of the European Green Deal. The projects featured in this Pack show how long-established industrial processes can be converted to operate in a more environmentally friendly and sustainable way. They focus primarily on electrochemistry, photochemistry and synthesis but also touch upon the industrial domain. Many of the results presented here are highly relevant to the automotive, aviation, biorefinery and fine chemical/pharmaceutical industries. In particular, the CARBONFIX, HybridSolarFuels and HyMAP projects, amongst others, have developed strategies to use CO2 as a starting material for fuels and other useful chemicals that can have a big impact on reducing the environmental impact of many industries. Other projects such as FANOEC, FOPS-water and PRODUCE-H2 have shown how catalysts that efficiently produce hydrogen fuel under an array of conditions can be the basis for creating next-generation fuel cells and other applications that can use hydrogen fuel more efficiently and economically. Finally, projects such as LIGNINFIRST and CatASus have highlighted the further exploitation of underused natural reserves, such as valorising abundant feedstocks like wood derivatives that have demonstrated the potential to act as sources of products as diverse as jet fuel and pharmaceutical industry starting materials.

Results in Brief
Fundamental Research
Retracing the steps towards the origin of life
Fundamental Research icon

27 May 2021

Results in Brief
Climate Change and Environment
Converting greenhouse gases into valuable liquid chemicals
Climate Change and Environment icon

27 May 2021

Results in Brief
Energy
Using metal-organic frameworks to help build more efficient energy applications
Energy icon
Fundamental Research icon

27 May 2021

Results in Brief
Industrial Technologies
Clean hydrogen production with bio-inspired catalysts
Industrial Technologies icon
Energy icon
Fundamental Research icon

27 May 2021

News
Fundamental Research
A sustainable method for producing amines from agricultural and forestry waste
Fundamental Research icon

27 May 2021

Results in Brief
Energy
Hybrid photoelectrodes advance solar fuel generation
Energy icon
Fundamental Research icon

27 May 2021

Results in Brief
Energy
Clean hydrogen: deeper insights for better catalysts
Energy icon

27 May 2021

News
Fundamental Research
Introducing HY-CAT, a project devoted to finding better catalysts to spur a CO2 circular economy
Fundamental Research icon

27 May 2021

Results in Brief
Fundamental Research
Metal-organic structures for electrolysers improve the efficiency of their chemical reactions
Fundamental Research icon

27 May 2021

Results in Brief
Climate Change and Environment
Novel catalytic reactions to make the world a greener, cleaner place
Climate Change and Environment icon
Energy icon
Fundamental Research icon

27 May 2021

Results in Brief
Energy
Using intrinsically fragile catalysts to generate and use chemical fuels
Energy icon
Fundamental Research icon

27 May 2021

Results in Brief
Energy
One step closer to green hydrogen with promising new catalyst
Energy icon

27 May 2021

Results in Brief
Climate Change and Environment
Advancing knowledge of sustainable biorefining
Climate Change and Environment icon
Industrial Technologies icon
Fundamental Research icon

27 May 2021

Results in Brief
Energy
Hybrid photocatalysts transform CO2 into environmentally friendly solar fuels
Energy icon
Fundamental Research icon

27 May 2021