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Changing Attitudes towards Judicial Violence in the Italian Communes, ca. 1260-1360

Projektbeschreibung

Der Einfluss der öffentlichen Meinung auf Strafrechtsreformen

Religiöse Standpunkte zu Justizgewalt haben sich im Laufe der Jahrhunderte grundlegend gewandelt. Erste Strafrechtsreformen wurden in Gemeinden in Florenz und Siena im frühen 13. und 14. Jahrhundert angestoßen und durchzogen dann fast ganz Westeuropa. Das EU-finanzierte Projekt J-ViC wird zu den ersten Bruderschaften forschen, die zum Tode verurteilten Kriminellen geistlichen Beistand leisteten, und die politischen und religiösen Motive hinter den Veränderungen beleuchten. Es wird die bestehende Wissenslücke füllen und neue Erkenntnisse zur Bedeutung der öffentlichen Meinung bei der Zu- und Abnahme der Justizgewalt im Laufe der Geschichte liefern.

Ziel

Public opinion has often had a strong influence in setting the boundaries of judicial violence in Europe. This project consists of a detailed analysis of secular and religious attitudes towards judicial violence in the period ca. 1260-1360, through the case-studies of the well-documented communes of Florence and Siena. Western Europe underwent in this period substantial penal reforms, ultimately making greater use of corporal punishment. At the same time, there were also changes in religious attitudes towards this phenomenon: the first confraternities devoted to the spiritual assistance of criminals condemned to death were founded in the 14th century. The political and religious reasons for these changes, their detailed chronology and the attitudes of different social segments towards them have not yet been thoroughly researched. This project aims to do so by combining the study of theories and practices of criminal justice of secular and religious origin and the history of emotions. It will advance our knowledge of medieval society and provide insight for understanding comparable contemporary phenomena, by producing as its outputs a monograph, preparatory articles, a series of podcasts and a briefing document on the role of public opinion in the increase/decrease of judicial violence throughout history. In this way, the proposed project will enhance the fellow's career perspectives both in and outside academia, and it will strengthen the links between research in the Humanities and public policy.

Koordinator

UNIVERSITA DEGLI STUDI DI MILANO
Netto-EU-Beitrag
€ 171 473,28
Adresse
Via Festa Del Perdono 7
20122 Milano
Italien

Auf der Karte ansehen

Region
Nord-Ovest Lombardia Milano
Aktivitätstyp
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Links
Gesamtkosten
€ 171 473,28