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The New Politics of Victimhood in Post-Socialist Europe

Description du projet

Comment le statut de victime est-il présenté dans la politique dans le centre et le sud-est de l’Europe?

La notion de victime est essentielle en politique. Le sentiment d’être victime d’injustice, d’actes répréhensibles et de crimes est mis à profit par les dirigeants politiques et le public dans le monde, afin de susciter des émotions et de fidéliser. Le projet VICTIMEUR, financé par l’UE, s’intéressera aux constructions politiques du statut de victime dans les pays post-socialistes du centre et du sud-est de l’Europe, où les sources de victimisation sont nombreuses et variées. Il étudiera comment le statut de victime a été présenté dans la politique et la concurrence politique de l’Europe post-socialiste au cours des 20 dernières années, et son rôle dans la politique actuelle de la région. En outre, il introduira une nouvelle compréhension du statut de victime sociale et politique lié aux griefs collectifs et individuels qui vont au-delà des demandes et des identités des victimes directes du communisme, des conflits et de l’injustice.

Objectif

VICTIMEUR takes a new and original approach to studying the political uses of constructions of victimhood in selected post-socialist countries of Central and South East Europe: Albania, the Czech Republic (also Czechia) and Serbia. Victimhood - as a sense of being victimized by crimes and (historical) injustice - has proliferated in the political discourse across post-socialist Europe in the past two decades. Political leaders, civil society and the public have used collective and individual victimhood to claim rights, new policies, and legitimize new political orders. VICTIMEUR grapples with the question: How has victimhood featured in politics and political competition of post-socialist Europe in the past two decades? Using three post-socialist, it studies different meanings, notions and constructions of victimhood and how they have featured in key moments of political contestation such as power transitions. The project breaks new theoretical and empirical ground by combining transitional justice, memory and identity studies with comparative politics to shed new light on how victimhood politics has featured in contemporary post-socialist Europe, with the ambition to contribute to the current worldwide debates about the role victimhood in politics. It introduces a novel understanding of social and political victimhood that clearly manifests itself in the contemporary post-socialist Europe and is linked to a long list of collective and individual grievances that go beyond demands and identities of direct victims. Such sources of victimhood vary from memories of historical injustice related to World War II, East-West divisions, socialist political persecution, war suffering, and a recent sense of marginalization by market economies. Informed by the existing research in cultural studies, history, politics and sociology, and collecting new fresh data, this project significantly advances our understanding of the uses of memory and identity in contemporary politics.

Coordinateur

UNIVERSITA CA' FOSCARI VENEZIA
Contribution nette de l'UE
€ 269 002,56
Adresse
DORSODURO 3246
30123 Venezia
Italie

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Région
Nord-Est Veneto Venezia
Type d’activité
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Liens
Coût total
€ 269 002,56

Partenaires (1)