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Tame geometry and transcendence in Hodge theory

Project description

A bold line of inquiry into tame geometry and its relation to Hodge theory

When it comes to the language of high-level mathematics, familiar words take on new meanings, and the lines between algebra and geometry become blurred. Algebraic geometry deals with curves or surfaces that can be represented both as geometric objects and as solutions of algebraic (polynomial) equations, and it has had important impact on physics and quantum theoretical descriptions. Hodge theory is the main tool for analysing the solution sets of algebraic equations over the complex numbers, yet it is not algebraic. Tame geometry may provide insight. EU funding of the TameHodge project will support the investigation of this exciting connection between tame geometry and Hodge theory.

Objective

Hodge theory, as developed by Deligne and Griffiths, is the main tool for analyzing the geometry and arithmetic of complex algebraic varieties, that is, solution sets of algebraic equations over the complex numbers. It occupies a central position in mathematics through its relations to differential geometry, algebraic geometry, differential equations and number theory. It is an essential fact that at heart, Hodge theory is NOT algebraic. On the other hand, some of the deepest conjectures in mathematics (the Hodge conjecture and the Grothendieck period conjecture) suggest that this transcendence is severely constrained.

Recent work of myself and others suggests that tame geometry, whose idea was introduced by Grothendieck in the 1980s, is the natural setting for understanding these constraints. Tame geometry, developed by model-theorist as o-minimal geometry, has for prototype real semi-algebraic geometry, but is much richer. As a spectacular application of tame geometry, Bakker, Tsimerman and I recently reproved a famous result of Cattani-Deligne-Kaplan, often considered as the most serious evidence for the Hodge conjecture: the algebraicity of Hodge loci.

I propose to lead a group at HU Berlin to explore this striking new connection between tame geometry and Hodge theory, with three axes: (I) attack the arithmetic of periods coming from the moduli space of abelian differentials; this opens a completely new perspective on this space cherished by dynamicists; (II) attack some fundamental questions for general variations of Hodge structures: fields of definition of Hodge loci (related to the conjecture that Hodge classes are absolute Hodge classes); atypical intersections, for instance for families of Calabi- Yau varieties; Ax-Schanuel conjecture for mixed period maps and for Hodge bundles; (III) attack Simpson’s « Standard conjecture » for local systems through the tame geometry of the non-abelian Hodge correspondence.

Host institution

HUMBOLDT-UNIVERSITAET ZU BERLIN
Net EU contribution
€ 1 815 642,00
Address
UNTER DEN LINDEN 6
10117 Berlin
Germany

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Region
Berlin Berlin Berlin
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
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Total cost
€ 1 815 642,00

Beneficiaries (1)