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The place-making function of ritual movement in Roman religion

Description du projet

Mouvements rituels: leur contribution aux paysages sacrés

Les mouvements rituels effectués par des individus ou des groupes à des fins religieuses ont toujours joué un rôle central dans la vie romaine. Le rôle qu’ils ont pu jouer dans la création des lieux sacrés reste toutefois peu étudié. Le projet RITMO, financé par l’UE, étudiera l’effet et les conséquences de la pratique continue des mouvements rituels sur le façonnage culturel, social et physique des lieux religieux. Le projet explorera les rituels saliens, la transvectio equitum, les Argei ainsi que quatre festivals féminins afin de mieux comprendre comment ils ont façonné les émotions, l’identité et les processus de mémoire en s’intégrant à l’environnement sacré de Rome. RITMO comparera ces études de cas avec d’autres mouvements rituels de la religion romaine, notamment la procession de Notre-Dame du Mont-Carmel, qui est toujours pratiquée à Rome.

Objectif

Ritual movement, that is movement of individuals or groups on a more or less fixed route for religious causes or purposes (e.g. processions), always played a major role in the religious life of the Romans.

Nevertheless, not enough attention has been paid so far to its fundamental place-making role: RITMO aims to investigate the impact and consequences of the continued performance of ritual movement on the cultural, social and physical creation of religious places, thus of collective identity and memory, in ancient Rome (8th cent. BCE – 5th cent. CE).

RITMO will explore some key case studies of ritual movement in Roman religion, as the Salian rituals, the transvectio equitum, the Argei, as well as four women festivals (Matralia, Nonae Caprotinae, Nemoralia and the procession of 207 BCE), in order to better understand how such rituals shaped (and were shaped by) emotions, identity and memory processes – during and after the ritual performance – by finally becoming embedded in Rome’s sacred landscape.

The project will then compare these case studies with more studied examples of ritual movements in Roman religion (e.g. the Lupercalia and the pompa circensis), and finally with a ritual movement still performed every year in Rome, the procession of Our Lady of Mount Carmel. Close observation of a ritual movement still ‘in the making’ can further put RITMO’s results to the test.

Comparison, spatiality and an inter/multidisciplinary approach will significantly enhance the understanding of such an important kind of ritual performance in ancient Rome. Moreover, as ritual movement is still practiced and is part of the cultural heritage of many countries, by delving into the significance of such phenomenon starting as from Antiquity, it will be easier to understand its semantics and meanings in contemporary society, and how it can still promote identity and belonging and foster social cohesion.

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Coordinateur

UNIVERSITA DEGLI STUDI DI ROMA LA SAPIENZA
Contribution nette de l'UE
€ 249 597,12
Adresse
Piazzale aldo moro 5
00185 Roma
Italie

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Région
Centro (IT) Lazio Roma
Type d’activité
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Liens
Autres sources de financement
€ 0,00

Partenaires (1)