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BIOremediation systems exploiting SYnergieS for improved removal of Mixed pOllutants

Project description

Lowering pollution with better biosystems

Breaking down pollutants requires biosystems of combined bacteria, fungi and plants. The EU-funded BIOSYSMO project will develop a computationally assisted method to design such systems that takes advantage of natural microbial diversity. The project will screen samples from polluted sites and locations to identify natural microorganisms already present and able to metabolise target pollutants. This search will then be expanded to microorganisms previously identified by applying data mining tools to genomic and metagenomic data available in public repositories. Selected bacteria, fungi and plants will then be combined in enhanced synergetic biosystems. The constructed biosystems will be applied to soil, sediments and water using various approaches: phytoremediation, biopiles, bioelectrochemical reactors and bioaugmentation.

Objective

BIOSYSMO is a 48-month action that will develop a computationally-assisted framework for designing and optimizing synergistic biosystems combining the required pathways and traits to achieve the most efficient degradation and sequestration of pollutant mixtures. These biosystems will comprise combinations of bacteria, fungi and plants containing the natural or engineered pathways required for pollutants degradation and identified based on a computationally-assisted analysis. BIOSYSMO will take advantage of the high natural microbial diversity by screening samples from polluted sites and locations affected by diffuse pollution to identify natural microorganisms already present and able to metabolize the target pollutants. The search will be expanded to microorganisms previously identified and characterized by applying data mining tools to genomic and metagenomic data available in public repositories.
The construction and optimization of synergistic biosystems will combine approaches based on 1) enhancing plant-microbe (bacteria, fungi) interactions to achieving combinations with improved pollutant uptake and/or degradation; 2) engineering bacteria, for improved degradation and bioaugmentation, and plants (poplar tree), for improved microbial colonization and pollutant uptake; 3) constructing artificial micro-structured consortia into aggregates and biofilms, containing all the required pathways for pollutant removal; and 4) applying bioelectrochemical systems (BES) as stand-alone or in hybrid systems. The different key players will be identified and combined to formulate innovative biosystems with the assistance of genome-scale metabolic (GEM) models for elucidating and simulating the key metabolic pathways. The constructed biosystems will be applied in conventional (phytoremediation, biopile, bioaugmentation) and innovative (BES, hybrid BES-phytoremediation) bioremediation approaches optimized for the treatment of mixtures of pollutants in soil, sediments and water.

Coordinator

IDENER RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT AGRUPACION DE INTERES ECONOMICO
Net EU contribution
€ 935 000,00
Address
CALLE EARLY OVINGTON 24-8
41300 LA RINCONADA SEVILLA
Spain

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Region
Sur Andalucía Sevilla
Activity type
Research Organisations
Links
Total cost
€ 935 000,00

Participants (14)

Partners (1)