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Space-time visualization of photo-excited carrier dynamics in ferroelectric solar-energy converters by ultrafast electron microscopy

Descrizione del progetto

Un «film» ad alta risoluzione della dinamica del fotovoltaico innovativo attraverso la microscopia elettronica ultraveloce

L’energia solare rivestirà un ruolo essenziale nella transizione energetica verde. La tecnologia che la sfrutta è progredita enormemente nei quasi settant’anni trascorsi dalla dimostrazione pratica della prima cella solare al silicio. Le perovskiti ferroelettriche non centrosimmetriche hanno suscitato un notevole interesse per il fotovoltaico di prossima generazione, ma i meccanismi esatti alla base della loro straordinaria risposta fotovoltaica non sono noti. Con il sostegno del programma di azioni Marie Skłodowska-Curie, il progetto SpaceTimeFerro sfrutterà gli impulsi di elettroni ultraveloci in un microscopio elettronico a femtosecondi per ottenere risoluzioni spaziali nanometriche e temporali a femtosecondi. Il risultante «film» ad alta risoluzione del campo elettromagnetico in evoluzione rivelerà l’origine dell’anomalo effetto fotovoltaico di massa negli ossidi ferroelettrici di perovskite.

Obiettivo

Giant bulk photovoltaic effect in non-centrosymmetric ferroelectric materials is currently gaining tremendous research interest due to its above-bandgap photovoltage and the observed output voltage is around 3-4 orders of magnitude higher than the Si-solar cells. Hence, the ferroelectric photovoltaic response is considered the next-generation photovoltaic device. However, researchers currently lack a profound understanding of the exact mechanism of the bulk photovoltaic effect, and the proposed mechanisms are contradictory to each other. This, in turn, restricts the progress of the field towards efficient solar cells. The difficult part of finding the exact mechanism is due to ultrafast carrier dynamics and atomic relaxation times are of the order of ≈ 0.1 to 10 femtoseconds, which made it experimentally inaccessible. At present, the excellent infrastructure and facilities of my host institute dealing with the ultrafast carrier dynamics can record the meticulous dynamics in space-time resolution and hence can provide the exact mechanism towards the above bandgap photovoltage in the ferroelectric system. Therefore, through this project, we are going to investigate the origin of the anomalous bulk photovoltaic effect in perovskite ferroelectric oxides by “filming” the ultrafast photo-absorption and subsequent photo-excited carrier relaxation dynamics with femtosecond time resolution and nanometre spatial resolution using laser-driven electron microscopy. In contrast to the spectroscopic approach, ultrafast electron pulses in a femtosecond electron microscope or diffraction apparatus can provide nanometre spatial and femtosecond temporal resolutions at the same time and hence can provide a movie of evolving electromagnetic field in space and time. Based on the data generated, a comprehensive physical mechanism will be put forth, which will act as guidance for the selection and design of future ferroelectric systems for an improved photovoltaic response.

Meccanismo di finanziamento

HORIZON-AG-UN - HORIZON Unit Grant
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Coordinatore

UNIVERSITAT KONSTANZ
Contribution nette de l'UE
€ 189 687,36
Indirizzo
Universitatsstrasse 10
78464 Konstanz
Germania

Mostra sulla mappa

Regione
Baden-Württemberg Freiburg Konstanz
Tipo di attività
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Collegamenti
Contributo UE
Nessun dato