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Stress-induced structural and organizational adaptations of the cellular translation machinery

Objective

Many cellular and extracellular events cause perturbations of protein homeostasis by affecting either de novo protein folding or by destabilizing already folded proteins. Under such proteotoxic stress conditions, cells engage in various strategies to avoid further damage to the cellular proteome, e.g. by timely modulation of translation activity and specificity, or by resolving the underlying events.

Our overall goal is to dissect from a unique structural angle how such damage avoidance strategies impact on the structure and molecular organization of the translation machinery by directly imaging their effects on ribosome structure, supramolecular organization and distribution in a cellular context with cryo-electron tomography (cryo-ET), an innovative imaging approach unique in its capability to pro-vide highly detailed three-dimensional structural information on macromolecular complexes in their cellular environment. Building on my pioneering work in the field of cryo-ET and integrating novel image processing solutions that have recently marked a breakthrough in the field, we will dissect at unprecedented resolution how the cellular translation machinery is remodeled i) after a general heat-shock, ii) during the Endoplasmic Reticulum unfolded protein response and iii) during persistent translational stalling triggering ribosome-associated quality control.

Work included in this proposal will provide detailed structural and mechanistic insights into how cells try to counteract an imbalance of protein homeostasis - a hallmark of neurodegenerative diseases. It thus seems almost certain that key concepts emerging from our studies will have direct implications on mechanistic understanding of central pathological principles underlying these diseases.

Coordinator

RUPRECHT-KARLS-UNIVERSITAET HEIDELBERG
Net EU contribution
€ 1 498 832,50
Address
Seminarstrasse 2
69117 Heidelberg
Germany

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Region
Baden-Württemberg Karlsruhe Heidelberg, Stadtkreis
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Other funding
€ 0,00