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Illuminating the 'Grey Zone': Addressing Complex Complicity in Human Rights Violations

Descrizione del progetto

Indagine sulla complicità nelle violazioni dei diritti umani

La giustizia di transizione (TJ, Transitional justice) si riferisce a una serie di processi e meccanismi volti a garantire la responsabilità, la giustizia e la riconciliazione per le vittime di conflitti e abusi del passato. Tuttavia, esiste una situazione complessa nota come «zona grigia», che coinvolge individui che sono stati spettatori, collaboratori o beneficiari della violenza, ma che sono riusciti a eludere il controllo delle istituzioni della TJ. Il progetto GREYZONE, finanziato dal CER, studierà la zona grigia e analizzerà le conseguenze politiche che derivano dal trascurare la complicità nella violenza su scala più ampia. Il progetto si concentrerà su quattro casi distinti: l’autoritarismo e l’occupazione militare durante il regime di Vichy in Francia, l’apartheid in Sudafrica, il totalitarismo in Romania dal 1945 al 1989 e la dittatura militare in Argentina dal 1976 al 1983.

Obiettivo

The grey zone of bystanders, collaborators and beneficiaries of violence escapes the scope of main Transitional Justice (TJ) institutions and poses tough questions for scholars and architects of post-conflict societies. This interdisciplinary project shifts the focus of academic and political debates by pursuing three objectives: conceptually, it departs from the dominant victim-perpetrator paradigm and theorises the many faces in the grey zone by analysing the interplay between structure and agency; normatively, it argues that no account of TJ is complete without engaging the grey zone; empirically, it tests if, in tackling the grey zone, cinematographic and literary representations can supplement typical TJ mechanisms (trials, truth commissions, lustration). Four cases are analysed: authoritarianism plus military occupation (Vichy France), apartheid (South Africa), totalitarianism (Romania 1945–1989) and military dictatorship (Argentina 1976–1983). The cases provide a variety of contexts of complicity and feature the most frequently used TJ mechanisms. They serve to a) examine the relationship between the official story emerging from state-orchestrated TJ mechanisms and artistic narratives of complicity; b) contextually distinguish disclosive from obscuring artistic representations of the grey zone; c) explore the contribution of these representations to TJ efforts by studying their effect on public debates about—and institutional responses to—the past. Working at the frontiers between political science, philosophy, history, law, literature and cinema, this pioneering project has critical and institutional impact. Critically, it discloses the limits of current TJ theory and practice by emphasising the negative political effects of ignoring general complicity in violence. Institutionally, it seeks to enrich the toolkit of scholars and practitioners by pointing to the potential use of cinema and literature in civic education aimed at deterrence and reconciliation.

Meccanismo di finanziamento

ERC-STG - Starting Grant

Istituzione ospitante

THE UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH
Contribution nette de l'UE
€ 1 349 481,00
Indirizzo
OLD COLLEGE, SOUTH BRIDGE
EH8 9YL Edinburgh
Regno Unito

Mostra sulla mappa

Regione
Scotland Eastern Scotland Edinburgh
Tipo di attività
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Collegamenti
Costo totale
€ 1 349 481,00

Beneficiari (1)