In life, access to metabolic energy fluctuates. Our cells have therefore developed the ability to store energy, predominantly as fat (triglycerides) in organelles known as lipid droplets (LDs). Although the capacity to store triglycerides is key for survival when access to nutrients is limited, increased energy intake combined with decreased energy utilization has led to a global increase in multiple metabolic diseases, e.g. obesity and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, in today’s society. The overarching objective of this project is to determine how cells regulate and coordinate lipid storage processes in order to achieve energy homeostasis. The results generated may therefore uncover novel mechanisms controlling cellular lipid homeostasis and provide new therapeutic avenues to treat diseases characterized by overwhelming the storage capacity of cells.