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Highly-efficient biomass CHP plants by handling ash-related problems

Deliverables

Experiences with advanced sensor technologies for improved furnace diagnostics

Report and evaluation of results of advanced sensors in large-scale facilities. Outcome for power plant operators prepared in concise form.

Detailed dissemination and innovation management plan

Report on the detailed dissemination, exploitation and communication measures conducted throughout the project. Implementation of a data management plan (DMP) with regard to Open Access and Open research guidelines. Additionally the innovation management strategy will be elaborated and responsibilities clarified.

Fuel characterisation and analysis of corrosion/fouling potential

Summary of all performed fuel analysis and first insights on corrosion/fouling potential based on work in Task2.2. All results of fuel analysis data from every partner is collected.

Influence of pre-treatment, blending and additives on ash composition

In lab-scale test residues from treated and untreated biomass as well as residues from combustion with and without additives and blending will be analysed and compared.

Status update on dissemination activities with industrial relevance

Continuous monitoring of possible dissemination opportunities for industry. Status report at the midterm meeting.

Risk and socioeconomic analysis

Report on the performed risk and socioeconomic analysis of the developed technologies.

Performance of biomass pre-treatment

Performance of pre-treatment on selected fuels. Provision of pre-treated fuels to relevant partners.

Fly ash formation model for biofuels

Report and dissemination of a detailed fly ash model predicting ash chemistry and size distribution while firing biofuels.

Environmental impact and resource efficiency of the developed technologies

Report on the emission and carbon footprint of FB and PF systems depending on the feedstock. Possible additional harms to the environment are regarded as well.

Comparison of treated and untreated fuels with regard to fuel properties, ash composition, ash properties, economics and resource efficiency

Detailed report on outcome of lab-scale experiments with possible insights for combustion behaviour, ash behaviour, milling behaviour and economic advantages.

Performance of tests lab-scale test rig

Status update and results of performed tests in the lab-scale test rig.

Classification of ashes and identification of possible future utilisation processes

Different classes of biomass ashes will be created depending on physical and chemical properties and assigned with utilisation options. An overview of possible utilisation options is created.

Performance of tests pilot-scale test rig

Status update and results of performed tests in the pilot-scale test rig.

Report on educational impact Biofficiency

Report on the performed summer school and implementation of outcome of the project in teaching of young researchers and relevant stakeholder groups.

Detailed risk management plan

The risk management will be implemented by a detailed plan established together with the Consortium during the beginning of the project. The rsik management plan will be revised two times during the project.

Material investigations for FB combustion systems

Report on the material tests for fluidised bed combustion with regard to corrosion potential etc.

Status update on dissemination activities with scientific relevance

Continuous monitoring of possible dissemination opportunities with scientific relevance (paper calls for conferences etc.). Status report at the midterm meeting.

Data collection and evaluation

Report on collected data and findings of correlating corrosion/deposition rates to fuel and ash chemistry, and process conditions. Improvement of power plant availability and combustion by thermal fuel pre-treatment.

Detailed Project Management Plan

To monitor the progress a detailed project management plan including a Gantt chart and a Work Breakdown Structure (WBS) will be elaborated together with the Consortium. A schedule per task, responsible partner, related subtasks and deliverables as well as dependencies on other task will be included. The Data management plan will be revised 2 times in course of the project.

Draft for technical regulations for biomass ash utilisation in Europe

A draft version of a legislative text for biomass ash utilisation is provided by the Consortium in cooperation with the Strategic Advisory Board.

Website & data exchange platform

Establishment of a professional project website. Implementation of a data-sharing system for the project internal communication throughout the project.

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Publications

Quantification of Release of Critical Elements, Formation of Fly Ash and Aerosols: Status on Current Understanding and Research Needs.

Author(s): Flemming J. Frandsen
Published in: Proceedings 11th European Conference on Industrial Furnaces and Boilers, 2017

Combustion of woody biomass in a pilot-scale real flame swirl burner test rig




Low-grade biomass upgrading by washing and torrefaction: Lab and pilot-scale results




High Quality Fuel by Steam Explosion




Influence of fuel pre-treatments on ash-forming elements and implications on corrosion

Author(s): Patrik Yrjas, Michiel Carbo, Arno Janssen, Pedro Abelha, Timo Leino, Leena Hupa
Published in: 23rd International Conference on Fluidized Bed Conversion, 2018

Modeling of a large-scale, biomass fired combined heat and power plant coupled with an alumina/aluminium production process

Author(s): Sadik Hysenj, Dimitrios Grimekis, Aggelos Doukelis, Kyriakos Panopoulos, Sotirios Karellas
Published in: 31st International Conference on Efficiency, Cost, Optimization, Simulation and Environmental Impact of Energy Systems, 2018

Preliminary Techno-economic Assessment of Biomass Upgrading by Washing and Torrefaction

Author(s): Pedro Abelha
Published in: 27th European Biomass Conference and Exhibition - 3DO.6.3, Issue 27, 2019, Page(s) 1110 - 1121
DOI: 10.5071/27theubce2019-3do.6.3

Environmental evaluation of highly efficient large-scale biomass-fuelled cogeneration plants

Author(s): Despina Magiri - Skouloudia, Vassileios Dimiropoulos, Dimitrios Grimekis and Sotirios Karellas
Published in: 32nd International Conference on Efficiency, Cost, Optimization, Simulation and Environmental Impact of Energy Systems, Issue 32, 2019

Optimization of supercritical biomass-fueled steam power plants for industrial CHP, district heating and cooling

Author(s): Konstantinos Braimakis, Despina Magiri-Skouloudi, Dimitrios Grimekis and Sotirios Karellas
Published in: 32nd International Conference on Efficiency, Cost, Optimization, Simulation and Environmental Impact of Energy Systems, Issue 21, 2019

Biofficiency: Towards the Next Generation of Biomass-fired Combined Heat and Power Plants

Author(s): Thorben de Riese, Sebastian Fendt, Lynn Hansen, Richard Nowak Delgado and Hartmut Spliethoff
Published in: Kraftwerkstechnik, Issue 2019, 2019, Page(s) 533-541

CFD-Modellierung des Abbrennverhaltens verschiedener Biomassen in einer 200 kW Staubfeuerungsanlage

Author(s): Thorben de Riese, Stefan DeYoung, Richard Nowak Delgado, Niko Niemelä, Sebastian Fendt, Hartmut Spliethoff
Published in: Deutscher Flammentag, Issue 29, 2019

Modern, reliable and carbon neutral heat supply in the Aarhus area (DK): Operational optimization with online measurement technology and data analytics as part of the Biofficiency project

Author(s): Francesco Turoni, Florian Binder, Christian Streicher, Liisa Clemens, Rasmus Skibsted Jensen
Published in: Kraftwerkstechnik, Issue 2019, 2019, Page(s) 495 - 508

Use of biomass and hydrogen in thermal power plants towards EU carbon neutrality

Author(s): Christian Bergins, Efthymia-Ioanna Koytsoumpa, Michalis Agraniotis, Torsten Buddenberg, Emmanouil Kakaras, Falk Hoffmeister, Liisa Clemens
Published in: Kraftwerkstechnik, Issue 2019, 2019, Page(s) 517-531

Influence of reaction parameters of hydrothermal carbonization on the alkali and fouling index of hydrothermally carbonized biomass




Influence of Hydrothermal Carbonisation on Combustion Properties of Biomass

Author(s): Lynn Hansen, Sebastian Fendt, Hartmut Spliethoff
Published in: 2nd International Symposium on Hydrothermal Carbonization, 2019

Thermogravimetrische Analyse von HTC Biomasse

Author(s): Lynn Hansen, Sebastian Fendt, Hartmut Spliethoff
Published in: HTP-Fachforum 2018, 2018

Influence of Hydrothermal Carbonisation on Combustion Properties of Biomass




Corrosion of high-alloyed steels at 600 and 650 °C in the presence of K-salt mixtures

Author(s): Patrik Yrjas, Na Li, Hanna Kinnunen
Published in: 76th IEA-FBC, Issue 76, 2018

Influence of additives on fly ash properties in BFB combustion of biomass: solubility of major and trace elements

Author(s): Daniel Schmid
Published in: Nordic Flame Days 2019, Issue 2019, 2019

Combustibility evaluation of challenging bio- and waste-derived fuels – an industrial approach

Author(s): Jaakko Tamminen, Hanna Kinnunen, Juha Roppo, Sonja Enestam
Published in: Impact of Fuel Quality on Power Production, Issue 2018, 2018

Untersuchung der Feinstaubbildung bei der Staubfeuerung von vorbehandelten Biomassen im Pilotmaßstab

Author(s): Nowak Delgado, Richard; de Riese, Thorben; Fendt, Sebastian; Spliethoff, Hartmut
Published in: 29. Dt. Flammentag, Issue 2019, 2019

Fuel Quality Impact in a Historical Perspective: A Review of 25 Years of EU-Funded Research on Fuel Characterization, Ash and Deposit Formation, and Corrosion

Author(s): Flemming J. Frandsen, Sebastian Fendt, Hartmut Spliethoff
Published in: Fuel Quality Impact Conference 2016, 2016

Ash formation and deposition in coal and biomass fired combustion systems: Progress and challenges in the field of ash particle sticking and rebound behavior

Author(s): Ulrich Kleinhans, Christoph Wieland, Flemming J. Frandsen, Hartmut Spliethoff
Published in: Progress in Energy and Combustion Science, Issue 68, 2018, Page(s) 65-168, ISSN 0360-1285
DOI: 10.1016/j.pecs.2018.02.001

Combustion improvements of upgraded biomass by washing and torrefaction

Author(s): Pedro Abelha, Carlos Mourão Vilela, Pavlina Nanou, Michiel Carbo, Arno Janssen, Simon Leiser
Published in: Fuel, Issue 253, 2019, Page(s) 1018-1033, ISSN 0016-2361
DOI: 10.1016/j.fuel.2019.05.050

Fuel Staging and Air Staging To Reduce Nitrogen Emission in the CFB Combustion of Bark and Coal


Published in: ISSN 0887-0624
DOI: 10.1021/acs.energyfuels.9b00850

The H2020 Biofficiency project - A holistic approach towards ash-related problems in case of combined heat and power generation from biomass

Author(s): Sebastian Fendt, Lynn Hansen, Thorben de Riese, Flemming Jappe Frandsen, Frans van Dijen, Hartmut Spliethoff
Published in: VGB PowerTech Journal, Issue 10/2018, 2018, ISSN 1435-3199

Making excellent construction materials from ashes – new applications

Author(s): Frans van Dijen
Published in: VGB PowerTech Journal, Issue 8, 2019, 2019, ISSN 1435-3199