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Gangs, Gangsters, and Ganglands: Towards a Global Comparative Ethnography

Descrizione del progetto

Una ricerca comparativa sulle dinamiche delle gang

Se da un lato le gang sono presenti in tutte le società, alcune ricerche dimostrano che possono differire notevolmente in aspetti quali composizione, dinamica e impatto. Il progetto GANGS, finanziato dall’UE, condurrà una ricerca comparativa sistematica sulle dinamiche delle gang a livello mondiale per migliorare la nostra comprensione dei motivi responsabili della nascita delle gang e della loro evoluzione, nonché del modo in cui esse sono incorporate in diversi tipi di tessuto urbano. Inoltre, il progetto esaminerà i fattori di spinta che portano alcune persone a unirsi alle gang e studierà in che modo l’appartenenza a una gang influisce sulle loro traiettorie di vita. Il progetto si fonda su un’originale ricerca etnografica collaborativa svolta in varie località, incentrata allo stesso tempo sulle gang, sui gangster e sul mondo del crimine per analizzare le interazioni tra gruppi, persone e fattori contestuali.

Obiettivo

Gangs occupy a key position in the global imaginary of violence, widely perceived and represented as primary sources of brutality and insecurity. This can be related to the fact that they are one of a small number of truly global phenomena, found in almost every society across both time and space. At the same time, however, as almost 100 years of gang research have highlighted, the phenomenon can vary significantly in form, dynamics, and consequences. While there have been many insightful studies of gangs, the overwhelming majority have focused on a single group or location, and we still lack a proper sense of what kinds of gang dynamics might be general, and which ones are specific to particular times and places. The GANGS project will develop a systematic comparative investigation of global gang dynamics, to better understand why they emerge, how they evolve over time, whether they are associated with particular urban configurations, how and why individuals join gangs, and what impact this has on their potential futures. It will draw on original ethnographic research carried out in multiple locations, adopting an explicitly tripartite focus on “Gangs”, “Gangsters”, and “Ganglands” in order to better explore the interplay between group, individual, and contextual factors. The first will consider the organisational dynamics of gangs, the second will focus on individual gang members and their trajectories before, during, and after their involvement in a gang, while the third will reflect on the contexts within which gangs emerge and evolve. Research will combine innovative collaborative ethnography in Nicaragua, South Africa, and France, a ground-breaking comparison of 35 individual gang member life histories from across Africa, Asia, Europe, North and South America, and unique joint ethnographic investigations into the political economy of three gang-affected cities in Nicaragua, France, and South Africa.

Meccanismo di finanziamento

ERC-ADG - Advanced Grant

Istituzione ospitante

FONDATION POUR L INSTITUT DE HAUTES ETUDES INTERNATIONALES ET DU DEVELOPPEMENT
Contribution nette de l'UE
€ 2 307 409,00
Indirizzo
MAISON DE LA PAIX CHEMIN EUGENE RIGOT 2
1202 Geneve
Svizzera

Mostra sulla mappa

Regione
Schweiz/Suisse/Svizzera Région lémanique Genève
Tipo di attività
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Collegamenti
Costo totale
€ 2 685 223,75

Beneficiari (2)