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Mediterranean Gypsies. A forgotten history beyond diaspora, nomadism, marginality in three Western Mediterranean areas of the Spanish Crown (Andalusia, Sicily, Sardinia, 16th- early 18th century)

Descripción del proyecto

Rescribir la historia moderna de los gitanos mediterráneos

Históricamente, se ha descrito a los gitanos mediterráneos como una minoría marginal integrada por nómadas dispersos. Sin embargo, estas descripciones peyorativas proceden, en gran medida, de fuentes institucionales represivas. A partir de estas premisas, el objetivo del proyecto MediterraneanGypsies, financiado por las acciones Marie Skłodowska-Curie, es poner fin a esta perspectiva histórica replanteando la historia de las comunidades gitanas asentadas en Andalucía, Sicilia y Cerdeña entre el siglo XVI y comienzos del siglo XVIII. Su equipo revisará una amplia variedad de fuentes contemporáneas inéditas, como registros de aduanas, escrituras notariales y archivos parroquiales, que ofrecen una mejor comprensión del estilo de vida de los colectivos gitanos y de sus vínculos socioeconómicos con el conjunto de la comunidad. Los resultados del proyecto permitirán completar lagunas históricas y ofrecer una comprensión más exhaustiva de la historia del pueblo gitano.

Objetivo

Thanks to the collaboration in Leeds between an expert in Gypsy and Italian history (the fellow, Dr Aresu, who will restart his academic career) and a scholar in modern Spanish history (the supervisor, Dr Alonso), MediterraneanGypsies aims at a rethinking of the way the history of Gypsy people has been framed to date. It proposes an innovative interpretative paradigm, which it applies to a specific study case: Gypsy mobility in three Western-Mediterranean areas of the Spanish Crown (Andalusia, Sicily, Sardinia) in the modern era (16th, 17th and early 18th century).
Traditional reconstructions, based mainly on institutional repressive documents (e.g. acts of the Inquisition), have privileged a reductive vision of the Gypsies as a diasporic, nomadic, marginal minority that was relentlessly persecuted. By building on his previous researches, Dr Aresu will analyse instead a broad range of primary sources, mostly unpublished - from custom records to notarial deeds and parish funds -, that he will collect via an extensive archival search in Madrid, Sevilla, Palermo, Cagliari and in the Romani Collection of the University of Leeds. With an interdisciplinary approach that intersects transnational history, micro-history and historical anthropology, the project will investigate the economic and social relations of Gypsy groups both among themselves and with the other residents, scrutinise their articulated relationships with the local and state institutions, and insert their mobility strategies within the broader circulation processes existing throughout the Mediterranean as a whole. A special focus will be on the role of women, in order to challenge the mono-dimensional image of the Gypsy fortune-teller and enchantress.
Beyond its scholarly value, the project will produce and disseminate alternative narratives on Gyspy history, which can potentially counter the worrying anty-gypsyist discourses that still have currency in parts of contemporary European society.

Coordinador

UNIVERSITY OF LEEDS
Aportación neta de la UEn
€ 195 454,80
Dirección
WOODHOUSE LANE
LS2 9JT Leeds
Reino Unido

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Región
Yorkshire and the Humber West Yorkshire Leeds
Tipo de actividad
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Enlaces
Coste total
€ 195 454,80