Skip to main content
European Commission logo
italiano italiano
CORDIS - Risultati della ricerca dell’UE

Ice CORe DAting tools revisited to infer the dynamic of glacial – interglacial transitions over the last 1.5 million years

Descrizione del progetto

Fare luce sulle transizioni glaciali-interglaciali

I maggiori cambiamenti climatici durante il periodo quaternario sono le transizioni glaciali-interglaciali. È durante questo periodo che il ritmo di tali transizioni è cambiato in una periodicità glaciale-interglaciale di 100 ka nel periodo tra 1 250 e 700 ka. La causa di una tale transizione è ancora dibattuta. Il progetto interdisciplinare ICORDA, finanziato dall’UE, studierà i meccanismi delle transizioni glaciali-interglaciali decifrando influenze quali la forzatura dell’insolazione, le dimensioni della calotta glaciale e la concentrazione di gas serra atmosferici, attraverso le carote di ghiaccio dell’European Project for Ice Coring in Antarctica Dome C che coprono 800 ka e le carote di una nuova perforazione che copriranno gli ultimi 1 500 ka. Il progetto aspira inoltre a ridisegnare il modo in cui viene costruita la cronologia delle carote di ghiaccio.


The Quaternary period (last 2600 thousands of years, hereafter ka) is the ideal period to evaluate our understanding of climate processes with general circulation models (GCM) used for prediction of future climate. During this period, the largest climate changes are glacial – interglacial transitions, hereafter terminations, the last termination being a classical benchmark for GCM. The rhythm of terminations changed from a world associated with a 40 ka periodicity to a world associated with a 100 ka glacial – interglacial periodicity between 1250 and 700 ka. The cause for this transition is a long debated question highlighting that the causes and mechanisms of terminations are still poorly understood. The timing and amplitudes of terminations indeed result from multiple influences of insolation forcing, ice sheet size, atmospheric greenhouse gases (GHG) concentration as well as shorter (millennial) scale climate variability. The big challenge of ICORDA consists in solving major puzzles on the mechanisms of terminations by deciphering these different influences using two key Antarctic ice core records: EPICA Dome C covering the last 800 ka and an ice core to be drilled in the coming years and covering the last 1500 ka. While ice cores provide unique continuous and high resolution climatic and GHG records, they are still too poorly dated on long timescales to address the aforementioned challenge. ICORDA aims at rethinking the way ice core chronology is built for decreasing drastically the associated uncertainties. This will be done by (1) developing a mechanistic approach for the interpretation of isotopic tracers used for ice core dating and (2) combining numerous low to mid latitude ice core tracers to provide a global picture of climate change during terminations. The strategy involves interdisciplinarity between climate, geochemistry, ecophysiology and innovative instrumental developments as well as field, laboratory experiments and modeling.

Meccanismo di finanziamento

ERC-COG - Consolidator Grant

Istituzione ospitante

Contribution nette de l'UE
€ 1 651 478,75
75794 Paris

Mostra sulla mappa

Ile-de-France Ile-de-France Paris
Tipo di attività
Research Organisations
Costo totale
€ 1 994 100,00

Beneficiari (2)