CORDIS - Forschungsergebnisse der EU
CORDIS

Audio-based Mobile Health Diagnostics

Projektbeschreibung

Potenzial mobiler Gesundheits-Apps ausschöpfen

Fortschritte bei Mobiltechnologien verbessern die Reichweite von Gesundheitsdiensten, da immer mehr Patientinnen und Patienten Gesundheitsdienste jederzeit und von jedem Ort aus mobil nutzen können. Mobile Gesundheits-Apps bieten zudem neue Möglichkeiten zur Erfassung und Auswertung. So kann etwa die Audioerkennung per Smartphone-Mikrofon die Diagnostik vereinfachen. Schwerpunkte des EU-finanzierten Projekts EAR sind die Nutzung von Audiodaten und Herausforderungen im Umgang mit derart sensiblen Daten. Das Projekt entwickelt Modelle, um anhand von Geräuschen Diagnosen zu vereinfachen und analysiert Probleme bei der Erfassung sensorischer Daten, etwa Störgeräusche und Datenschutzfragen. Mit mehr als 100 000 derzeit verfügbaren mHealth-Apps haben die Ergebnisse einen besonders aktuellen Bezug.

Ziel

Mobile health is becoming the holy grail for affordable medical diagnostics. It has the potential of associating human behaviour with medical symptoms automatically and at early disease stage; it also offers cheap deployment, reaching populations generally not able to afford diagnosis and delivering a level of monitoring so fine which will likely improve diagnostic theory itself. The advancements of technology offer new ranges of sensing and computation capability with the potential of further improving the reach of mobile health. Audio sensing through microphones of mobile devices has recently being recognized as a powerful and yet underutilized source of medical information: sounds from the human body (e.g. sighs, breathing sounds and voice) are indicators of disease or disease onsets. The current pilots, while generally medically grounded, are potentially ad-hoc from the perspective of key areas of computer science; specifically, in their approaches to computational models and how the system resource demands are optimized to fit within the limits of the mobile devices, as well as in terms of robustness needed for tracking people in their daily lives. Audio sensing also comes with challenges which threaten its use in clinical context: its power hungry nature and the fact that audio data is very sensitive and the collection of this sort of data for analytics violates obvious ethical rules. This work proposes models to link sounds to disease diagnosis and to deal with the inherent issues raised by in-the-wild sensing: noise and privacy concerns. We exploit these audio models in wearable systems maximizing the use of local hardware resources with power optimization and accuracy in both near real time and sparse audio sampling. Privacy will arise as a by-product taking away the need of cloud analytics. Moreover, the framework will embed the ability to quantify the diagnostic uncertainty and consider patient context as confounding factors via additional sensors.

Finanzierungsplan

ERC-ADG - Advanced Grant

Gastgebende Einrichtung

THE CHANCELLOR MASTERS AND SCHOLARS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE
Netto-EU-Beitrag
€ 2 493 724,00
Adresse
TRINITY LANE THE OLD SCHOOLS
CB2 1TN Cambridge
Vereinigtes Königreich

Auf der Karte ansehen

Region
East of England East Anglia Cambridgeshire CC
Aktivitätstyp
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Links
Gesamtkosten
€ 2 493 724,00

Begünstigte (1)