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A new approach to design wireless receivers

Projektbeschreibung

Neue Übertragungsmethoden für Funkempfänger

Während die meisten analogen Geräte den Übergang in die digitale Welt vollzogen haben, beruhen Funkempfänger immer noch auf komplexen analogen elektronischen Schaltkreisen. Ihre Komplexität ist auf die Vielzahl an erforderlichen Analogschaltungen zurückzuführen, die wegen der Verwendung linearer Verstärker nötig sind, darunter Filter, Mixer, Verstärker und Analog-Digital-Wandler. Wegen dieser Komplexität sind Funkempfänger teuer und energieaufwendig. Das EU-finanzierte Projekt High-Risk-No-Gain hat sich vorgenommen, das zu ändern, indem es die Linearverstärker überflüssig macht. Es wird die Analog-Digital-Wandler fast direkt mit der Antenne verbinden – nur ein N-Pfad-Filter wird zwischen die beiden Elemente geschaltet werden. Auf diese Weise sollte es möglich werden, kostengünstigere, energiesparendere und kleinere Funkempfänger zu entwickeln.

Ziel

While most analog functions have been taken over by their digital counterparts, radio receivers today are complex analog electronic circuits. They include amplifier circuits to provide amplification of the weak antenna signals. Ideally the amplifiers provide linear gain, but unfortunately the amplifiers exploiting transistors are inherently nonlinear, causing fundamental problems if large unwanted signals are received simultaneously with weak desired signals. This is why a radio receiver is a complex combination of many analog circuits: filters, mixers and amplifiers are placed between the antenna and the analog-to-digital converter (ADC), making receivers bulky, expensive and consume a lot of energy. The breakthrough concept of this program is to completely refrain from active linear amplifiers and thus have no active linear gain in a receiver. This way we avoid the fundamental problems in amplifiers and we minimize the analog hardware between the antenna and ADC, thus drastically simplifying the radio architecture. This program aims at connecting the ADC to the antenna, with just a separation by a so-called “N-path filter”. As pioneered amongst others by myself, N-path filters are simple structures without amplification and have recently become popular for wireless applications after being “forgotten” for many decades. Research work will focus on: 1) an N-path filter antenna interface, with extreme selectivity; 2) an ultra-low-noise ADC being able to convert the unamplified antenna signal; 3) a digital reflector to reflect unwanted signals arriving at the antenna; 4) precise timing circuits with far-beyond state-of-the-art timing accuracy to clock the N-path filter. I will focus on two different application areas: high-end receivers for high data rates in a crowded spectrum and ultra-low power receivers for (battery-less) sensor networks. My goal is to design fully integrated receivers on a chip, without the bulky and expensive external components needed today.

Finanzierungsplan

ERC-ADG - Advanced Grant

Gastgebende Einrichtung

UNIVERSITEIT TWENTE
Netto-EU-Beitrag
€ 2 475 665,00
Adresse
DRIENERLOLAAN 5
7522 NB Enschede
Niederlande

Auf der Karte ansehen

Region
Oost-Nederland Overijssel Twente
Aktivitätstyp
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Links
Gesamtkosten
€ 2 475 665,00

Begünstigte (1)