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Quasiconformal Methods in Analysis and Applications

Project description

Mathematical models to explain natural phenomena: tomography, turbulence and random tilings

Scaling invariance occurs in different forms in many natural phenomena. A well known example of a rough scale invariance is the fractal nature of a shoreline. From a mathematical point, explaining and making use of the scale invariance leads to the method of conformal (shape preserving) and quasiconformal mappings (that preserve shapes only roughly). Fourier analysis, where one decomposes a signal into its constituent frequencies, provides a related approach to analyse complicated natural phenomena. QUAMAP is devoted to applying aspects of modern mathematical analysis, from quasiconformal mappings to Fourier analysis, to several problems arising in mathematical physics. Using these tools, along with nonlinear analogues, the project hopes to shed light on diverse challenging problems including the geometry of energy minimisers, scaling limits in random geometry, an imaging technique based on electrical surface measurements, as well as the behaviour of fluids in turbulent regimes.


The use of delicate quasiconformal methods, in conjunction with convex integration and/or nonlinear Fourier analysis, will be the common theme of the proposal. A number of important outstanding problems are susceptible to attack via these methods. First and foremost, Morrey's fundamental question in two dimensional vectorial calculus of variations will be considered as well as the related conjecture of Iwaniec regarding the sharp $L^p$ bounds for the Beurling transform. Understanding the geometry of conformally invariant random structures will be one of the central goals of the proposal. Uhlmann's conjecture regarding the optimal regularity for uniqueness in Calder\'on's inverse conductivity problem will also be considered, as well as the applications to imaging. Further goals are to be found in fluid mechanics and scattering, as well as the fundamental properties of quasiconformal mappings, interesting in their own right, such as the outstanding deformation problem for chord-arc curves.


Net EU contribution
€ 1 107 138,75
Yliopistonkatu 3
00014 Helsingin yliopisto

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Manner-Suomi Helsinki-Uusimaa Helsinki-Uusimaa
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Other funding
€ 0,00

Beneficiaries (4)