CORDIS - Resultados de investigaciones de la UE
CORDIS

Isolation and Evolution in Oceanic Islands: the human colonisation of the Canary Islands

Descripción del proyecto

Los primeros asentamientos de las islas Canarias

Los agricultores del norte de África fueron los primeros en poblar las islas Canarias hace unos 2 000 años. Permanecieron aislados hasta la colonización de los primeros europeos en el siglo XV. El proyecto IsoCAN, financiado con fondos europeos, analizará la colonización de las islas Canarias, creará una cronología y definirá el proceso de adaptación y resistencia de los primeros pobladores. Además, el proyecto también determinará cómo influyeron en el paisaje y los recursos naturales. En general, los hallazgos ayudarán a comprender mejor cómo los humanos colonizan nuevos territorios y cuáles son las adaptaciones culturales y biológicas.

Objetivo

The Canary Islands were settled 2,000 years ago by farming populations from North Africa representing the westernmost limits of Eurasian human colonisation until European contact with the Americas. This is a superlative example of colonisation because the first colonists remained isolated until the arrival and colonization of Europeans in the 15th century AD. When Europeans arrived, Canarian populations spoke distinct dialects and did not have the seafaring skills needed to navigate between islands.
The colonisation of the Canary Islands is an example of adaptation and sustainability because people were able to create anthropogenic landscapes capable of supporting increasing human populations on diverse and isolated island ecologies with a low density of food resources. Nevertheless, how first colonisers transformed pristine islands into domestic landscapes to make islands more habitable for humans remains unresolved.
IsoCAN project will explore the first colonisation of the Canary Islands from the beginning of the Common Era to the 15th century AD, which represent the last expansion of the Mediterranean farming package, This project will (1) establish the chronology of the initial colonisation of the Canary Islands; (2) determine the geographic origins and the genetic variability of the human population, domesticates (animals and plants) and parasitic species (insects); (3) define the process of adaptation and resilience of the first settlers; and (4) investigate human impact on landscape and the management of natural resources.
This set of evidence will enable us to investigate two transcendental questions: how do humans colonise new territories, and what are the cultural and biological adaptations? This ambitious project will provide insights about the adaptive mechanisms through which isolated and fragile insular ecosystems were successfully colonised by human societies, focusing on social complexity, subsistence practices and landscape transformation.

Régimen de financiación

ERC-STG - Starting Grant

Institución de acogida

UNIVERSIDAD DE LAS PALMAS DE GRAN CANARIA
Aportación neta de la UEn
€ 1 095 372,25
Dirección
C/ Juan de Quesada 30
35001 Las Palmas De Gran Canaria
España

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Región
Canarias Canarias Gran Canaria
Tipo de actividad
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Enlaces
Coste total
€ 1 095 372,25

Beneficiarios (3)