Pathogen infection survival trade-offs
Adaptation to new conditions is a major determinant for evolution, but improvement of one trait often comes at the expense of another. Understanding how this trade-off takes place in pathogens may enhance our ability to predict disease emergence. Using the wheat pathogen Zymoseptoria tritici as a model organism, the EU-funded TRADEOFF project will investigate the environmental and genetic constraints leading to life history trade-offs. Scientists will perform gene expression analysis on global pathogen isolates and determine how trade-offs change in response to environmental conditions. They will also evaluate the importance of genetic constraints in shaping trade-offs. Apart from offering insights into ecology, the project will lay the foundation for exploiting trade-offs to manage disease and improve food security.
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