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Biopolymer Assisted Remediation of Microplastics from Fresh and Saline Water Environments using an Integrated Technology of Coagulation-Ultrasonication/Cavitation

Descrizione del progetto

I crostacei forniscono spunti per i coagulanti microplastici bioderivati

Le materie plastiche sono onnipresenti. Questi polimeri organici sono usati in imballaggi, costruzioni edili, automobili, elettronica, attrezzature sportive e assistenza sanitaria, solo per citarne alcuni. Con l’uso diffuso della plastica arriva la crescente presenza di pezzi estremamente piccoli di questo materiale (microplastiche) negli ambienti acquatici, in gran parte a causa dell’incapacità degli impianti di trattamento delle acque reflue di filtrarli. Potrebbe essere possibile aiutare gli organismi acquatici e i loro ambienti con un polisaccaride comune negli organismi acquatici e in altri organismi. Il chitosano è un derivato della chitina, un abbondante biopolimero presente negli esoscheletri di crostacei e insetti. Il progetto MinusMicro, finanziato dall’UE, sta analizzando modi per produrre chitosano, valutandone il potenziale per l’uso come coagulante microplastico che consente il recupero e, potenzialmente, il riutilizzo nei materiali da costruzione.

Obiettivo

Microplastic contamination in aquatic systems has emerged as a global issue with lasting and hazardous environmental impacts. The present research work aims at remediating microplastics in the native and secondary pollutant laden forms using biopolymer assisted coagulation technique. The novelty in this research lies in synthesizing, characterizing and applying various forms of chitosan namely, ultrasonicated (Enhanced ortho-kinetic and hydrodynamic interactions between chitosan and microplastics are expected to enhance particle removal based on the size and surrounding salinity), electrospun (development of chitosan nanofibers in native, grafted and hydroalcoholic forms for intensifying microplastic coagulation especially for the purpose of bulk recovery and upcycling based on enhancing the bridging potential), cavitated (Development of cavitated chitosan nanofibers of arbitrary sizes and correlate it with the overall gelling strength and coagulation efficiency for removal of microplastics of varying shapes) and surface imprinting (Development of a ‘double imprinted form’ of chitosan particle suspension specially meant to coagulate microplastics by dually interacting with the bound ionic heavy metals and polyaromatics, due to its high binding capacity, high selectivity, and fast mass transfer). The primary research objectives include (i) development and characterization of various functionalized forms of chitosan (ii) generate a two-way evaluation system for coagulation potential and (iii) develop suitable collaborations with waste management organizations and perform real-time application on microplastic recovery and sludge reuse (for construction materials). A wide variety of activated biopolymers would therefore be a sustainable, eco-friendly and effective alternative to synthetic and harmful coagulants used very popularly.

Coordinatore

UNIVERSITY OF LEEDS
Contribution nette de l'UE
€ 224 933,76
Indirizzo
WOODHOUSE LANE
LS2 9JT Leeds
Regno Unito

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Regione
Yorkshire and the Humber West Yorkshire Leeds
Tipo di attività
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Collegamenti
Costo totale
€ 224 933,76