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INTERMODAL DECISION. THE DECISION-MAKING PROCESS IN INTERMODAL TRANSPORT

Leistungen

The main objective of the LOGIQ project has been to identify actors in the decision-making process and to provide information on underlining criteria and constraints in the use of intermodal transport. The three categories of variables identified as fundamental in affecting decision taken by actors were a) the infrastructure networks; b) the cost and quality factors influencing the transport chains and actors behaviours; c) the institutional environment of transport and relevant legal issues. The project has contributed to define the legal, organisational and operational transport requirements arising to the development of concepts related to access to information and day to day business practices. Considering the three actor types (forwarders/ road transport companies, shippers, shipping lines) in an integrated way, LOGIQ researches proved that, among the criteria examined: -Cost is the most important criterion in the decision-making process. -Reliability is the most important quality criterion. -Frequency of services offered and rail operating systems used are the most important criteria considered from the supply side, essentially for meeting the actors� requirements in reliability. Overall, the LOGIQ �DSS tool could assist the business developers within a company to decide whether to invest in intermodal transport (e.g. acquisition of new equipment, investments in terminals) offer a new service or improve an existing one. On the other hand it can assist the policy makers (at national governments, European Commission) in deciding which of the measures they can introduce or favour indirectly their implementation, were more appropriate in order to contribute to the objective of increasing the intermodal transport share in the total traffic volume. The results of LOGIQ offer a new analytical tool to the European and national transport policy makers. Considering the three distinct groups of decision-makers and the respective decision patterns, the policy makers may investigate in the near future specific measures and actions for promoting intermodal transport. For targeting the potential of the �cost oriented� group, an investigation of possible new policy developments may be needed. The policy initiatives targeting this group should essentially focus on pricing issues and specify economic instruments for improving the competitive position of intermodal transport in the market. The necessary policy actions in order to take advantage of the potential of the �cost-quality� oriented group must focus on technical, operational and other factors, which might influence the quality performance.

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