The European Training Foundation has recently completed an evaluation of activities in the field of management training in the New Independent States of the former Soviet Union (NIS), a project implemented on behalf of the European Commission under the TACIS technical assistance programme for economic reform and recovery in the NIS. The report aims to describe management development as it is currently practised in the NIS, to discuss key issues and provide ideas for redesign and innovation. The team of authors, the Torino Group, comprised academics and management consultants from the NIS and Europe, who held several meetings and agreed to contribute different perspectives, based on their personal experience and their familiarity with the management development sector. Each chapter of the report has one or two authors, however each reflects suggestions and contributions made by other team members. The report also contains an annex giving recommended further reading. The individual chapters of the report deal with the following: - An overview of the management development sector; - An overview of current learning concepts and techniques in management development; - Management development in European companies; - The changing roles of business schools and other external providers of management development services; - Recent innovations in management education, including the state-of-the-art in information and communication and other technologies; - Recent developments in partnerships, networking, cooperation and learning; - Added value of management development to client organizations; - Conclusions, including an agenda for action to promote and improve the quality of management development and to enhance its practical impact.