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Development of new nanocomposites using materials from mining industry

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Nopal extract creates nanosilver

Researchers have used nopal cladodes extracts in a new method of synthesising silver nanoparticles. They also found novel applications for these nanoparticles in biomedical implants and metal alloys. Mechanically Activated Thermal Oxidation (MATO) and Thermal Reduction (MAREC) technologies were developed for extratction of Ag and Zn correspondingly from ore waste.

Climate Change and Environment icon Climate Change and Environment

Silver nanoparticles have an array of medical and industrial applications due to their desirable chemical and mechanical properties. Challenges in this field include the recovery of silver from mining waste and an efficient way of manufacturing regular nanoparticles. The EU-funded 'Development of new nanocomposites using materials from mining industry' (NANOMINING) project aimed to develop a new silver reclamation process. It also set out to find new nanotechnology applications for the reclaimed silver. A reactor for processing of jarosite (mining waste with a high content of silver and zinc) was built and tested successfully on industrial-scale. A nanoparticle synthesis method that used nopal extracts of the (Opuntia sp.) was developed to create cheap, uniform silver nanoparticles. The nanoparticles were tested in two applications: as part of a coating for biomedical implants, and as part of new alloys for electrical contacts. Both applications were tested successfully, and NANOMINING is in the process of commercialising these products. NANOMINING has advanced the state of the art in nanoparticle engineering, and developed cheaper and more sustainable production methods for silver nanoparticles.

Keywords

Nopal extracts, nanosilver, nanoparticle, mining waste, biomedical implant, metal alloy, reclamation

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