Current health care systems are mostly old fashioned and focus on the more expensive acute care. Proactive systems that provide effective primary care and implement preventive measures will keep patients healthier and reduce health care burden. To change the status quo, the EU-funded 'International research on quality in healthcare' (INTERQUALITY) project investigated the feasibility of adopting hybrid health care systems and financing models that have worked in the United States. This should help in optimal allocation of limited resources to raise the quality of health care while reducing costs. Researchers comprehensively analysed the impact of financial incentives and financing methods on care quality, costs and patient outcomes. This revealed that provider behaviour is dependent on multiple factors rather than payment method alone and the institutional framework model as a whole is more important. Optimising health care requires an integrated approach. This involves coordinating health care delivery processes such as disease management programmes with appropriate incentive schemes. Take, for example, the pay-for-performance (P4P) incentive where predefined quality measures determine performance. Reviews revealed that P4P programmes developed by both payers and physicians should effectively improve care quality. Although pharmacy benefit management tools in the United States are effective, implementing similar tools in EU Member States requires a comparable institutional framework. Denmark's progressive drugs reimbursement system was found to be more equitable than those in other countries under study. However, substantial investments in software and information technology infrastructure are required. A central reimbursement register, an online adjudication of pharmacy claims system and e-prescribing would at least need to be established. INTERQUALITY has successfully consolidated relevant information to provide a good reference on financing systems, outpatient care and reimbursement systems. This list of recommendations could help governments and public authorities make evidence-based decisions to cost-effectively deliver patient-oriented health care systems.
Patient-oriented health care, healthcare, hybrid health care, pay-for-performance, e-prescribing