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Non-CO2 Forcers and their Climate, Weather, Air Quality and Health Impacts

Descrizione del progetto

Il ruolo del forzante radiativo dei gas a effetto serra diversi dalla CO2 nei cambiamenti climatici

L’anidride carbonica (CO2) è il principale gas a effetto serra (GES) emesso dall’attività antropica. Il forzante radiativo è uno strumento utile per stimare le ripercussioni sul clima dovute alle perturbazioni indotte dalle radiazioni. In questo contesto, il progetto FOCI, finanziato dall’UE, studierà il ruolo dei forzanti radiativi dei GES diversi dalla CO2 nei cambiamenti climatici, compresi i GES a vita breve, gli aerosol e i cambiamenti di albedo. I risultati confluiranno nei modelli del sistema terrestre globale e nei modelli climatici regionali. L’obiettivo è quello di elaborare una serie di misure di mitigazione e adattamento che contribuiranno a informare la futura politica climatica in Europa e non solo.

Obiettivo

Indicated area b)
While overall the global warming with the causes and global processes connected to well mixed greenhouse gases (GHGs), especially CO2, and their impacts on global to continental scales are well understood with a high level of confidence, there are knowledge gaps concerning the impact of many non-CO2 radiative forcers leading to low confidence in the conclusions. This relates mainly to specific anthropogenic and natural precursor emissions of short-lived GHGs and aerosols and their precursors. These gaps and uncertainties also exist in their subsequent effects on atmospheric chemistry and climate, through direct emissions dependent on changes in e.g. agriculture production and technologies based on scenarios for future development as well as feedbacks of global warming on emissions, e.g. permafrost thaw. In addition to the atmospheric radiative forcing (gaseous or aerosols), albedo changes connected to land-use and land-cover can play a role, depending on the adaptation or mitigation measures included in different scenarios.

Thus, FOCI responds to Topic D1-01-01 area b) and its main goal is to assess the impact of key radiative forcers, where and how they arise, the processes of their impact on the climate system, to find and test an efficient implementation of these processes into global Earth System Models (ESMs) and into Regional Climate Models (RCMs), and finally to use the tools developed to investigate mitigation and/or adaptation policies incorporated in selected scenarios of future development targetted at Europe and other regions of the world. We will develop new regionally tuned scenarios based on improved emissions to assess the effects of non-CO2 forcers. Mutual interactions of the results and climate services producers and other end-users will provide feedbacks for the specific scenarios preparation and potential application to support the decision making, including climate policy.

Coordinatore

UNIVERZITA KARLOVA
Contribution nette de l'UE
€ 1 200 000,00
Indirizzo
OVOCNY TRH 560/5
116 36 Praha 1
Cechia

Mostra sulla mappa

Regione
Česko Praha Hlavní město Praha
Tipo di attività
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Collegamenti
Costo totale
€ 1 200 000,00

Partecipanti (13)

Partner (3)