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CORDIS - Résultats de la recherche de l’UE
CORDIS

Conflict and Cooperation in the EU Heterarchical Legal System

Description du projet

Conflit et coopération entre les tribunaux nationaux et européens

Le système juridique de l’UE est décentralisé, ce qui limite les capacités de mise en application de l’UE et entraîne souvent une résistance des juges nationaux à l’égard de l’autorité du droit communautaire. Les incitations et les dynamiques qui façonnent les modèles complexes de conflit et de coopération entre les tribunaux nationaux et supranationaux au sein du système juridique de l’UE sont encore mal comprises. Le projet EUTHORITY, financé par le CER,fera appel à la modélisation de la théorie des jeux pour analyser les interactions stratégiques entre la Cour de justice, les tribunaux nationaux et les hommes politiques. Il s’appuiera sur des données recueillies auprès de 68 cours suprêmes nationales de l’UE pour tester l’hypothèse selon laquelle les politiques nationales et les attitudes judiciaires à l’égard de l’intégration jouent un rôle important dans la détermination de l’autorité du droit de l’UE au niveau local.

Objectif

Supranational legal regimes are increasingly enforced by multi-level, non-hierarchical court systems, in which judges at the upper, supranational echelon do not have the power to reverse domestic court decisions. Yet the incentives and dynamics that shape the complex patterns of conflict and cooperation observed in the most important of all such court structures, the EU legal system, are still poorly understood. To what extent are domestic courts able to negotiate the terms of their cooperation with the Court of Justice? How do national courts differ in that respect? Are the non-compliance threats issued by domestic courts all equally credible? Do the rare cases where these threats have been put to execution pose a systemic risk to the authority of EU law? How are the domestic courts’ incentives to cooperate with EU judges affected by the sort of political backsliding witnessed in Hungary and Romania in recent years? Our interdisciplinary research project addresses these puzzles of legal integration with the avowed aim of helping judges and policy-makers make more informed choices when faced with compliance problems in the judicial realm. Grounded in a general theory of judicial behaviour, our generic hypothesis is that the authority of EU law at domestic level is determined by domestic politics as well as by judicial attitudes towards integration. EUTHORITY seeks to refine this hypothesis using game theoretic modelling to analyse strategic interactions among the Court of Justice and domestic courts and politicians. Theory-building combines with a large-scale data-collection effort. We undertake to compile longitudinal data on the institutional characteristics and doctrinal responses to legal integration of 68 domestic apex courts across the EU 28 Member States. With a view to construct an annual, court-specific index of legal integration, we also conduct an expert survey asking academic lawyers and practitioners to assess their courts' attitudes towards EU law.

Régime de financement

ERC-STG - Starting Grant

Institution d’accueil

KATHOLIEKE UNIVERSITEIT LEUVEN
Contribution nette de l'UE
€ 1 475 150,00
Adresse
OUDE MARKT 13
3000 Leuven
Belgique

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Région
Vlaams Gewest Prov. Vlaams-Brabant Arr. Leuven
Type d’activité
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Liens
Coût total
€ 1 475 150,00

Bénéficiaires (1)