CORDIS - Forschungsergebnisse der EU
CORDIS

Bacterial biofilms in porous structures: from biomechanics to control

Projektbeschreibung

Forschung an mikrobiellen Biofilmen als Wegweiser für industrielle Anwendungen der Zukunft

Mikroorganismen können Biofilme ausbilden – dreidimensionale Ansammlungen wie zum Beispiel bei Zahnbelag. Das EU-finanzierte Projekt BEBOP will herausfinden, wie die Bildung derartiger Strukturen in komplexen Umgebungen, wie etwa porösen Medien, biophysisch abläuft. Mithilfe einer Kombination von Mikrofluidik, Experimenten im Bioreaktor sowie Fluoreszenz- und Röntgenbildgebung forscht das Team an den zugrunde liegenden biophysischen Prozessen. Die Wechselwirkungen zwischen Biofilm und Umwelt werden aufgeschlüsselt und liefern Grundlagenwissen über Biomechanik und physikalische Ökologie, ebnen aber gleichzeitig auch den Weg für neue biotechnologische Anwendungen in Industrie und Gesellschaft, wie Abwasseraufbereitung oder Biosanierung von Böden.

Ziel

The key ideas motivating this project are that: 1) precise control of the properties of porous systems can be obtained by exploiting bacteria and their fantastic abilities; 2) conversely, porous media (large surface to volume ratios, complex structures) could be a major part of bacterial synthetic biology, as a scaffold for growing large quantities of microorganisms in controlled bioreactors.

The main scientific obstacle to precise control of such processes is the lack of understanding of biophysical mechanisms in complex porous structures, even in the case of single-strain biofilms. The central hypothesis of this project is that a better fundamental understanding of biofilm biomechanics and physical ecology will yield a novel theoretical basis for engineering and control.

The first scientific objective is thus to gain insight into how fluid flow, transport phenomena and biofilms interact within connected multiscale heterogeneous structures - a major scientific challenge with wide-ranging implications. To this end, we will combine microfluidic and 3D printed micro-bioreactor experiments; fluorescence and X-ray imaging; high performance computing blending CFD, individual-based models and pore network approaches.

The second scientific objective is to create the primary building blocks toward a control theory of bacteria in porous media and innovative designs of microbial bioreactors. Building upon the previous objective, we first aim to extract from the complexity of biological responses the most universal engineering principles applying to such systems. We will then design a novel porous micro-bioreactor to demonstrate how the permeability and solute residence times can be controlled in a dynamic, reversible and stable way - an initial step toward controlling reaction rates.

We envision that this will unlock a new generation of biotechnologies and novel bioreactor designs enabling translation from proof-of-concept synthetic microbiology to industrial processes.

Finanzierungsplan

ERC-STG - Starting Grant

Gastgebende Einrichtung

CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE CNRS
Netto-EU-Beitrag
€ 1 649 861,00
Adresse
RUE MICHEL ANGE 3
75794 Paris
Frankreich

Auf der Karte ansehen

Region
Ile-de-France Ile-de-France Paris
Aktivitätstyp
Research Organisations
Links
Gesamtkosten
€ 1 649 861,00

Begünstigte (1)