CORDIS - Risultati della ricerca dell’UE
CORDIS

Homo Juridicus: Correcting Law's Behavioural Illiteracy

Descrizione del progetto

Aumentare l’efficacia del diritto

La ricerca giuridica ha dimostrato che una punizione rigorosa non dissuade dal compiere azioni illegali. Gli interventi che promuovono il cambiamento comportamentale dei detenuti sono più efficaci, ma la nuova legislazione ha portato a sanzioni più severe, perché i sistemi giuridici non riconoscono il ruolo centrale del comportamento e non hanno elaborato una teoria giuridica comportamentale. Il progetto HomoJuridicus, finanziato dall’UE, studierà il modo in cui le leggi influiscono sull’illegalità, analizzerà i difetti e i pregiudizi che influenzano le percezioni degli avvocati ed elaborerà una giurisprudenza comportamentale volta ad aumentare l’efficacia del diritto nel migliorare i comportamenti.

Obiettivo

Recent scientific research has revolutionised our understanding of how law can reduce misconduct. It shows that legal incentives are often flawed, and that strict punishment alone cannot deter misbehaviour. It offers a new approach for law to address wrongdoing, incorporating social norms and morals, tapping into unconscious cognition, and applying practical and technical interventions that obstruct misconduct. Yet, these fundamental insights continue to be ignored, and with every new disaster, scandal or major risk, we produce more rules with stronger punishment, without successfully addressing the true behavioural mechanisms at fault. The core problem is that the field of law has not made conduct central, nor produced a behavioural legal theory to guide these scientific insights into legal research, education and practice. As a result, legal rules to code conduct are made and operated by lawyers that are behaviourally illiterate. The proposed research will instigate the necessary behavioural revolution in the field of law. To do so, it will develop a behavioural jurisprudence through three steps. First, it will provide a comprehensive synthesis of the scientific insights about how legal rules affect misconduct. Second, it will empirically analyse flaws and biases in the behavioural assumptions of lawyers tasked with addressing misconduct. This will produce a fundamental critique of existing legal thinking, to be summarized in the Homo Juridicus, shorthand for the flawed legal model of human conduct just like behavioural economics helped produce the Homo Economicus to show the fallacies in traditional economic thinking. Third, the research will synthesize this into a behavioural jurisprudence offering a normative framework that makes successful internalization of positive conduct central in the field of law, and that guides legal research and education to incorporate the social science to enhance the effectiveness of law to improve behaviour.

Meccanismo di finanziamento

ERC-COG - Consolidator Grant

Istituzione ospitante

UNIVERSITEIT VAN AMSTERDAM
Contribution nette de l'UE
€ 1 999 405,00
Indirizzo
SPUI 21
1012WX Amsterdam
Paesi Bassi

Mostra sulla mappa

Regione
West-Nederland Noord-Holland Groot-Amsterdam
Tipo di attività
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Collegamenti
Costo totale
€ 1 999 405,00

Beneficiari (1)