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Investigating the molecular mechanisms of translational reprogramming during cellular stress

Descrizione del progetto

Come le cellule interrompono le loro attività per concentrarsi sulla lotta allo stress

I cambiamenti nelle condizioni extracellulari possono danneggiare la struttura e la funzione delle macromolecole. Ad esempio, uno squilibrio prolungato tra la generazione di radicali liberi e la disponibilità di antiossidanti (stress ossidativo) può danneggiare le cellule del corpo, le proteine e il DNA. La risposta cellulare allo stress è controllata da un percorso adattativo altamente conservato, la risposta integrata allo stress. Un po’ come un triage cellulare, la cellula dedica la maggior parte della sua energia traslazionale agli mRNA legati allo stress mentre mette in pausa la traduzione di altri mRNA. Tuttavia, i meccanismi non sono chiaramente compresi. Il progetto mRNAstress sta conducendo studi a molecola singola sulla traduzione dell’RNA durante la manipolazione di fattori di stress. Chiarire i meccanismi alla base della riprogrammazione traslazionale in risposta allo stress ha implicazioni di vasta portata per la salute umana e le malattie.

Obiettivo

Cells are frequently exposed to stress conditions, which can disrupt cellular homeostasis and result in cell death. To minimize the damage and adapt to the stress condition, eukaryotic cells employ a highly conserved signaling pathway, the integrated stress response, which integrates a variety of intrinsic and extrinsic stress signals to reprogram mRNA translation. Consequently, translation of most mRNAs is inhibited to conserve energy, while a select group of stress-related mRNAs is preferentially translated to promote recovery and restore homeostasis. This preferential translation of stress-related mRNAs depends on special sequence elements called upstream open reading frames (uORF), but the molecular mechanisms behind this process remain largely unclear. To investigate the translational reprogramming during cellular stress, I will exploit recent advances in single-molecule imaging of mRNA translation in living human cells.

First, to understand how uORFs facilitate the preferential translation of stress-related transcripts in stressed cells, I will apply single-molecule imaging of mRNA translation to measure the translational dynamics at different start codons of uORF-containing reporter mRNAs. Next, I will test how the translational reprogramming is affected by the formation of stress-inducible ribonucleoprotein granules (stress granules). To this end, I will combine the single-molecule imaging of mRNA translation with imaging and optogenetic manipulation of stress granules. Last, to complement the single-molecule imaging approach, the same reporter mRNAs will be subjected to proximity-dependent labelling assays in order to identify novel factors that facilitate stress-induced translation.

Together, this project will provide important insights into the regulation of mRNA translation during cellular stress. This will also expand our understanding of pathological conditions that involve misregulation of the integrated stress response.

Coordinatore

FRIEDRICH MIESCHER INSTITUTE FOR BIOMEDICAL RESEARCH FONDATION
Contribution nette de l'UE
€ 191 149,44
Indirizzo
MAULBEERSTRASSE 66
4058 Basel
Svizzera

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Regione
Schweiz/Suisse/Svizzera Nordwestschweiz Basel-Stadt
Tipo di attività
Research Organisations
Collegamenti
Costo totale
€ 191 149,44