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Interrupting the intergenerational transmission of violence: a mixed-methods longitudinal study in South Africa

Descrizione del progetto

Trasmissione intergenerazionale della violenza: risultati dal Sudafrica

I bambini esposti alla violenza presentano un rischio più elevato di successiva vittimizzazione e/o perpetrazione di violenza interpersonale e autodiretta. Come tale, la violenza sui bambini può avere un impatto sulle generazioni future. Partendo da questo presupposto, alcuni ricercatori stanno studiando i meccanismi della trasmissione intergenerazionale della violenza e della potenziale prevenzione in regioni con tassi elevati di violenza interpersonale come l’Africa subsahariana. Il progetto INTERRUPT_VIOLENCE, finanziato dall’UE, svilupperà il primo schema teoretico generato empiricamente sulla trasmissione intergenerazionale della violenza. Il progetto confronterà dati da interviste con adolescenti sudafricani condotte un decennio fa con nuove interviste con i partecipanti originali e con i loro figli. Esplorerà anche l’impatto dei fattori di rischio strutturali prevalenti come la povertà, l’accesso limitato ai servizi pubblici e l’epidemia da HIV.

Obiettivo

Violence Violence is an important societal challenge and associated with poor health outcomes across the life-course. Studies find consistent associations between childhood violence exposure and risk for victimisation and perpetration in adulthood, particularly across generations. Thus far, we lack an evidence-base to understand the underlying mechanisms of intergenerational violence transmission as well as potential for prevention in regions with high rates of interpersonal violence such as sub-Saharan Africa. This marks a major evidence gap and a compelling need.

This study will use a mixed methods approach to develop the first-known empirically-generated theoretical framework on intergenerational violence transmission. It will do so using three approaches never utilised in the region: 1) using data from a 1-year longitudinal study of 1800 adolescents in South Africa (interviewed in 2010/11 and 2011/2012) it will re-trace original participants, re-interview them as young adults aged 20-27, recruit their children (n~211) and previous primary caregivers (n~540) and conduct in-depth qualitative work on a sub-sample of families to identify mechanisms of violence transmission across generations and genders, 2) it will investigate the effect of the prevalent structural risk factors poverty, poor service access and delivery and the HIV epidemic on violence transmission, and 3) it will examine the effect of protective interventions and policies using quasi-experimental methods.

This study will transform our understanding of the causes, effects and potential prevention mechanisms of intergenerational violence transmission through cutting-edge social science research. This is an ambitious research agenda of a complex behaviour and is characterised by methodological and theoretical innovation never used in the region before. The methodology presents high risks balanced by the potential for ground-breaking scientific and social impact for violence research and prevention.

Meccanismo di finanziamento

ERC-STG - Starting Grant

Istituzione ospitante

THE UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH
Contribution nette de l'UE
€ 894 993,75
Indirizzo
OLD COLLEGE, SOUTH BRIDGE
EH8 9YL Edinburgh
Regno Unito

Mostra sulla mappa

Regione
Scotland Eastern Scotland Edinburgh
Tipo di attività
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Collegamenti
Costo totale
€ 894 993,75

Beneficiari (3)